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Limited options for the treatment of prostate cancer have spurred the search for new therapies. One innovative approach is the use of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) analogues to inhibit cancer growth. We demonstrate here that the calcitriol analogue, EB1089, extensively inhibits the growth of LNCaP prostate cancer cells in culture and causes the(More)
Troglitazone is a ligand for the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) that decreases growth of human prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism by which troglitazone reduces prostate cancer cell growth is not fully understood. To understand the signaling pathways involved in troglitazone-induced decreases in(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands that have been reported to reduce proliferation of human prostate cancer cells. However, the mechanisms by which TZDs inhibit prostate cancer cell proliferation are not fully understood. In addition, it is not known if the anti-proliferative effects of TZDs(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)] is an effective agent for inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer cells including LNCaP and PC-3 cell lines. However, the extent of growth inhibition in these cell lines differs because LNCaP cells are much more responsive than PC-3 cells. Previous studies in LNCaP cells have shown that 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)(More)
In this study, the proliferative effects of retinoids were examined in the MC-26 and LoVo colon adenocarcinoma cell lines. The proliferation of the LoVo cell line was not altered in the presence of the retinoids all trans-retinoic acid (atRA) and 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA). Both retinoids, however, stimulated the growth, as measured by cell(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) regulates growth and progression of androgen-dependent as well as androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists have been reported to reduce AR activation in androgen-dependent LNCaP prostate cancer cells. To determine whether PPARγ ligands are equally effective at(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D)-induced growth inhibition of human prostate cancer cells have not been fully elucidated. To determine whether alterations in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling axis are associated with 1,25D-induced growth inhibition, we examined the ability of 1,25D to regulate(More)
We recently identified a novel rat ov-serpin, Trespin, which inhibits the trypsin-like serine proteinase plasmin and is expressed in several tissues, including prostate. In this report Trespin expression was studied in prostatic cell lines, NRP-152, NRP-154, and DP-153, derived from the Lobund-Wistar rat. Northern blots revealed Trespin mRNA is expressed in(More)
We have investigated the role of autocrine/paracrine TGF-beta secretion in the regulation of cell growth by androgens as demonstrated by its inhibition by two androgen response modifiers; the nonsteroidal antiandrogen hydroxyflutamide (OHF), believed to act by inhibiting androgen binding to androgen receptors, or finasteride, an inhibitor of(More)
We have previously shown that concentrations of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) that induce G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest in androgen-dependent LNCaP prostate cancer cells also decrease expression of c-Myc, a proto-oncogene that stimulates progression from G(1) to S phase of the cell cycle. Since both c-Myc expression and cell cycle progression are(More)