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BACKGROUND Leucocidins and gamma-hemolysins are bi-component toxins secreted by Staphylococcus aureus. These toxins activate responses of specific cells and form lethal transmembrane pores. Their leucotoxic and hemolytic activities involve the sequential binding and the synergistic association of a class S and a class F component, which form(More)
ANGUSTIFOLIA (AN), one of the CtBP family proteins, plays a major role in microtubule-dependent cell morphogenesis. Microarray analysis of mammalian AN homologs suggests that AN might function as a transcriptional activator and regulator of a wide range of genes. Genetic characterization of AN mutants suggests that AN might be involved in multiple(More)
Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora are widely used herbs/plants as a source of ethnomedicines in tropical regions of the world. In this work, we studied the anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective effects of C. citratus and E. citriodora essential oils on formol-induced edema, and acetic acid induced abdominal cramps in Wistar rats. To fully(More)
Staphylococcus aureus infections are widely prevalent in West Africa and are often associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Virulence factors from S. aureus have rarely been described for such infections. The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of toxins and adhesion factors obtained from S. aureus isolated from presumed(More)
Escherichia coli O157 is a pathogenic bacterium causing haemorrhagic colitis. It represents a serious public health problem in Northern America and Europe, which can plague Africa. Most cases of mentioned poisoning were related to contaminated meat products and vegetables. The present work aimed to estimate the prevalence of E. coli O157 in meat and(More)
Selected members of plant pathogenesis-related and seed storage proteins represent specific groups of proteins with potential characteristics of allergens. Efforts to understand the mechanism by which pathogenesis-related proteins mediate a broad cross-reactivity in pollen-plant food allergens are still limited. In this study, computational biology approach(More)
Panton-Valentine Leucocidin (PVL), one of the β-barrel pore-forming staphylococcal leucotoxins, is known to be associated to furuncles and some severe community pneumonia. However, it is still uncertain how many other virulence factors are also associated to furuncles and what the risk factors of furuncles are in immuno-compromised status of patients,(More)
Staphylococcal gamma-hemolysins are bicomponent toxins forming a protein family with leucocidins and alpha-toxin. Two active toxins (AB and CB) can be formed combining one of the class-S components, HlgA or HlgC, with the class-F component HlgB. These two gamma-hemolysins form pores with marked similarities to alpha-toxin in terms of conductance,(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are members of NAD(P)(+)-dependent protein superfamily that catalyze the oxidation of a wide range of endogenous and exogenous highly reactive aliphatic and aromatic aldehyde molecules to their corresponding non toxic carboxylic acids. Research evidence has shown that ALDHs represent a promising class of genes to improve(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on genes encoding HlgA and HlgC, two of the three proteins expressed from the staphylococcal y-hemolysin locus, which originate two pore-forming toxins (HlgA + HlgB, HlgC + HlgB). As related proteins, HlgA and HlgC were found to bind first to cell membranes. Amino acid substitutions concerned residues that would(More)