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Compared posttraumatic stress symptoms in 309 8- to 20-year-old survivors of childhood cancer and their parents with healthy children and their parents who responded to child-related stressors. The relationship of child demographic, cancer and treatment, and family and social support factors with posttraumatic stress symptoms was analyzed also. Results(More)
Psychological sequelae are examined in 130 former childhood leukemia patients and 155 comparison participants and their parents. The major dependent variables are symptoms of anxiety and posttraumatic stress, family functioning, and social support. Multivariate analyses of covariance indicated significantly more posttraumatic stress symptoms in mothers and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe posttraumatic growth (PTG) following childhood cancer survival and its association with demographic and disease/treatment variables, perceived treatment severity and life threat, and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). METHOD Adolescent survivors of cancer (N = 150, ages 11-19), at least 1 year after treatment, and their mothers (N(More)
OBJECTIVE To predict posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of survivors of childhood cancer, using as predictors the following: personality (trait anxiety); current family and individual variables (perceived life threat, perceived treatment intensity, life events, family functioning, and social support); posttreatment variables (time since treatment(More)
Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), particularly intrusive thoughts, avoidance, and arousal, are among the most common psychological aftereffects of childhood cancer for survivors and their mothers and fathers. We conducted a randomized wait-list control trial of a newly developed 4-session, 1-day intervention aimed at reducing PTSS that integrates(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer are extremely stressful experiences, with psychological sequelae which can persist many years after the end of treatment. This study investigated the relative contributions of general anxiety, treatment intensity, medical sequelae of treatment, and the subjective appraisal of life threat and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate perceived benefits and barriers to pediatric clinical trials participation to improve decision-making and enhance recruitment and retention among minority youth with chronic health conditions (sickle cell disease, asthma) and their caregivers. METHODS A questionnaire was developed based on the social ecological model using input from(More)
BACKGROUND The way families negotiate diagnosis and early treatment for pediatric cancer sets the stage for their adaptation throughout treatment and survivorship. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief parent-report screener capable of systematically identifying families at risk for problems of adaptation. The current study evaluated stability(More)
BACKGROUND Despite high rates of school absenteeism in adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD), the issue remains understudied. Potential associates of school absenteeism in adolescents with SCD include demographic (age, income), psychosocial (IQ, self-efficacy, competence, internalizing symptoms, negative thinking), and health-related (hemoglobin,(More)
Evaluated relationships between parenting stress and parent-rated child quality of life during treatment for childhood leukemia and later parental posttraumatic stress symptoms and parent and child anxiety after completion of cancer treatment in 29 families of patients with leukemia. Correlations among in-treatment and off-treatment variables showed strong(More)