Lambert Skoog

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Adjuvant breast cancer therapy significantly improves survival, but overtreatment and undertreatment are major problems. Breast cancer expression profiling has so far mainly been used to identify women with a poor prognosis as candidates for adjuvant therapy but without demonstrated value for therapy prediction. We obtained the gene expression profiles of(More)
PURPOSE The phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/Akt pathway is frequently altered in breast cancer. PTEN, a phosphatase that opposes the effect of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase, can be mutated or lost, whereas the PIK3CA gene is mutated. These have been proposed as alternative mechanisms, and their clinicalpathology significance is under discussion. In this(More)
Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis (ROMA) detects genomic amplifications and deletions with boundaries defined at a resolution of approximately 50 kb. We have used this technique to examine 243 breast tumors from two separate studies for which detailed clinical data were available. The very high resolution of this technology has enabled us(More)
The frequency of new primary cancers was studied in 1846 postmenopausal patients included in a randomised trial of tamoxifen as an adjunct to primary surgery for early breast cancer. The median follow-up was 4.5 years (range 0.5-10.5 years). The number of new cancers in the tamoxifen group (n = 57) did not differ significantly from that in the control group(More)
Tamoxifen is widely used as endocrine therapy for oestrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer. However, many of these patients experience recurrence despite tamoxifen therapy by incompletely understood mechanisms. In the present report we propose that tamoxifen resistance may be due to differences in activity of metabolic enzymes as a result of genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) lacking expression of steroid receptors and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, having chemotherapy as the only therapeutic option, is characterised by early relapses and poor outcome. We investigated intratumoural (i.t.) levels of the pro-angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Akt, or protein kinase B, has recently been a focus of interest because of its activity to inhibit apoptosis. It mediates cell survival by acting as a transducer of signals from growth factor receptors that activate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. We analysed the expression of the isoforms Akt1 and Akt2 as well as phosphorylated(More)
The relative distribution of androgen (AR), progesterone (PR), and estrogen receptors (ER) was localized and estimated in human prostate tissue by immunohistochemistry in five normal tissue samples, in eight benign hyperplastic (BPH) samples, in nine primary cancers, and in seven prostate cancer metastases. Moreover, three prostatic cancer cell lines(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 interact with Rad51, one of the central components in the homologous recombination repair pathway. This study evaluates the prognostic and predictive role of BRCA1, BRCA2 and Rad51, individually and as a complex, in breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Expression of BRCA1, BRCA2(More)
This presentation describes the organization and first-round results of the Stockholm mass mammography screening program, and discusses ways of checking the quality of an ongoing screening program. The Stockholm mammography screening program started in 1989 at five independent screening units, and comprises more than 150,000 women aged 50 to 69 years. The(More)