Laman A Gray

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Psychodiagnostic data are reported on 69 heart transplant candidates. Twenty-seven patients actually received a transplantation. A high prevalence of anxiety and depression appeared related to their desperate cardiac status. Distressful symptoms did not predict postoperative psychiatric complications. Reduced coping skills as reflected by diagnoses of(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the first available totally implantable replacement heart (AbioCor Implantable Replacement Heart System) in the treatment of severe, irreversible biventricular heart failure in human patients. METHODS Seven male adult patients with severe, irreversible biventricular failure (>70% thirty-day(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine whether there are differences in populations of patients with heart failure who require univentricular or biventricular circulatory support. METHODS Two hundred thirteen patients who were in imminent risk of dying before donor heart procurement and who received Thoratec left (LVAD) and right (RVAD)(More)
An experience with penetrating cardiac injuries between 1974 and 1977 has permitted designation of particular findings as indications for emergent operations and appropriate therapeutic approaches. Of the 46 patients with cardiac trauma, 28 suffered gunshot wounds. Seventeen patients died, and 14 of the deaths occurred as a result of asystole, ventricular(More)
Emergency pneumonectomy for penetrating and blunt trauma has an attendant high mortality. Patients with major lung injuries presenting with prolonged shock followed by control of bleeding, resuscitation with or without aortic cross-clamping and pneumonectomy have had uniformly unsatisfactory results. From 1972 to 1982, eight patients at the University of(More)
BACKGROUND Animal studies have shown that continuous infusion of beta-lactam antibiotics is more effective than intermittent dosing. We studied several dosing regimens of cefazolin in humans to determine safety and whether or not adequate serum and tissue antibiotic concentrations could be achieved in patients undergoing cardiac bypass. METHODS A(More)
Patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia or a history of a sudden cardiac death episode and ventricular tachycardia inducible in the electrophysiology laboratory have a high incidence of recurrence and a high mortality despite medical therapy. Map-guided endocardial resection has improved treatment results, but is associated with a 10-30% failure(More)
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have been used successfully as a bridge to transplant in heart failure patients by unloading ventricular volume and restoring the circulation. In a few cases, patients have been successfully weaned from these devices after myocardial recovery. To promote myocardial recovery and alleviate the demand for donor organs, we are(More)
BACKGROUND Partial left ventriculectomy has been recently introduced as a surgical therapy for end-stage heart failure. We performed a prospective study of partial left ventriculectomy in patients with end-stage idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). METHODS Patients considered as candidates for partial left ventriculectomy had IDCM, left ventricular(More)