Lam Phung

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Stem cell factor (SCF) gene expression is regulated by FSH in testicular Sertoli cells. Many functions of FSH are mediated through the second messenger cAMP. We show that cAMP activates transcription of the human SCF promoter in a Sertoli cell line. The human SCF promoter was cloned in cosmid vector pWE15, and its DNA sequence was determined for the(More)
Escherichia coli RNA polymerase pauses immediately after transcription of certain sequences that can form stable secondary structures in the nascent RNA transcript; pausing appears to be essential for several types of bacterial transcription attenuation mechanisms. Because base changes that weaken the RNA secondary structures reduce the half-life of pausing(More)
To test features of the current model of transcription attenuation in amino acid biosynthetic operons, alterations were introduced into the trp operon leader region and expression of the mutated operons was examined in miaA and miaA+ Escherichia coli strains that lacked the trp repressor. The miaA mutation prevents modification of the adenosine residue(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal dominant disorder resulting from a 50% deficiency in porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG deaminase). The true prevalence in the general population of mutations in the PBG deaminase gene capable of causing AIP is unknown. However, it is important to identify asymptomatic carriers of AIP mutations(More)
Three siblings with intense jaundice and hemolytic anemia at birth were found to excrete a high level of coproporphyrin in their urine and feces; the pattern of fecal porphyrin excretion was atypical for hereditary coproporphyria because the major porphyrin was harderoporphyrin (greater than 60%; normal value is less than 20%). The lymphocyte(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that a hemochromatosis allele is implicated in the expression of porphyria cutanea tarda. HLA phenotypes were determined in 69 porphyria cutanea tarda patients, 42 of which had the sporadic type (normal erythrocyte uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity) and 27 unrelated patients who had the familial type(More)
PURPOSE To investigate test-retest reproducibility of visual acuities obtained with a popular mobile application (app) and to explore the agreement with the standard clinic charts. METHODS Records of patients who had visual acuity measured during the same routine clinic visit with Snellen chart, Rosenbaum near vision card, and SightBook mobile app were(More)
Hepatic porphyrias (acute intermittent porphyria, coproporphyria, porphyria variegata and porphyria cutanea) are inherited diseases affecting porphyrin-heme metabolism in the liver. A situation analogous to the latent stage of human hepatic porphyria can be produced in chick embryos by injecting an inhibitor of ferrochelatase (the last enzyme in the heme(More)
The effectiveness of 2 hematins administered by intravenous infusion was compared in acute intermittent porphyria. Judging from subjective symptoms (abdominal pain), clinical improvement was complete and constant. There was a rapid decrease in urinary excretion of porphyrins precursors, with a clearer response of delta-aminolevulinic acid than of(More)
Red cell porphobilinogen deaminase is known to be an indicator of the carrier state for acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). This enzyme was assayed in three groups of individuals at least 15 years old: 105 affected individuals or obligate carriers, 234 unaffected first-degree relatives of patients, and 217 unrelated control persons. Analysis of the(More)