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BACKGROUND Influenza surveillance is important to identify circulating, emerging/reemerging strains and unusual epidemiological trends. With these objectives, a multisite human influenza surveillance network was initiated in India in 2004. METHODS Epidemiologic data and throat swabs for laboratory testing were collected from patients with influenza-like(More)
India has made appreciable progress and continues to demonstrate a strong commitment for establishing and operating a disease surveillance programme responsive to the requirements of the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]). Within five years of its launch, India has effectively used modern information and communication technology for collection,(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Severe clinical pneumonia and meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children less than 5 yr old is preventable by use of Hib vaccine. However, data on Hib burden in India are limited. To support an evidence-based decision for Hib vaccine introduction in India, a vaccine probe study was planned. This paper presents the(More)
J. Biosci. 33(4), November 2008 When in 1967, US Surgeon General William Stewart made a statement that “...the time has come to close the book on infectious diseases”, little did he realize that in the next 30 years or so more than 30 organisms would be newly discovered (Fauci 2001). Some of them like HIV/AIDS have given more pain and misery than the(More)
Like nuclear energy, most technologies could have dual use-for health and well being and disaster and terror. Some research publications have brought to the forefront the tragic consequences of the latter potential through their possible use. Monitoring life science research and development (R&D) to prevent possible misuse is a challenging task globally,(More)
It has been estimated that presently hepatitis B kills more people every day than AIDS kills in a year world-wide. Infection with hepatitis B produces a wide range of manifestations ranging from asymptomatic carriers to persistent infections leading to chronic liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma. Availability of effective and safe vaccine has made(More)