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Skelemin is a large cytoskeletal protein critical for cell morphology. Previous studies have suggested that its two-tandem immunoglobulin C2-like repeats (SkIgC4 and SkIgC5) are involved in binding to integrin beta3 cytoplasmic tail (CT), providing a mechanism for skelemin to regulate integrin-mediated signaling and cell spreading. Using NMR spectroscopy,(More)
Integrins mediate cell adhesion, migration, and survival by connecting intracellular machinery with the surrounding extracellular matrix. Previous studies demonstrated the importance of the interaction between β(3) integrin and VEGF type 2 receptor (VEGFR2) in VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Here we present in vitro evidence of the direct association between the(More)
A protein destined for export from the cell cytoplasm is synthesized as a preprotein with an amino-terminal signal peptide. In Escherichia coli, typically signal peptides that guide preproteins into the SecYEG protein conduction channel are subsequently removed by signal peptidase I. To understand the mechanism of this critical step, we have assessed the(More)
We report the NMR solution structure of a synthetic 40-mer (T(377)-E(416)) that encompasses human cannabinoid receptor-1 (hCB1) transmembrane helix 7 (TMH7) and helix 8 (H8) [hCB1(TMH7/H8)] in 30% trifluoroethanol/H(2)O. Structural features include, from the peptide's amino terminus, a hydrophobic alpha-helix (TMH7); a loop-like, 11 residue segment(More)
Adaptor protein Shc plays a key role in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, which can be mediated through a number of different receptors including integrins. By specifically recognizing the tyrosine-phosphorylated integrin β(3), Shc has been shown to trigger integrin outside-in signaling, although the structural basis of this(More)
The HIV-1 capsid protein plays a crucial role in viral infectivity, assembling into a cone that encloses the viral RNA. In the mature virion, the N-terminal domain of the capsid protein forms hexameric and pentameric rings, while C-terminal domain homodimers connect adjacent N-terminal domain rings to one another. Structures of disulfide-linked hexamer and(More)
L1, a highly conserved transmembrane glycoprotein member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell adhesion molecules, mediates many developmental processes in the nervous system. Here we present the biophysical characterization and the binding properties of the least structurally defined part of this receptor: its cytoplasmic tail (CT). We have shown by(More)
Assembly and maturation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are governed by the Gag polyprotein. Here we study the conformation and dynamics of a large HIV-1 Gag fragment comprising the matrix, capsid, spacer peptide 1 and nucleocapsid domains (referred to as ΔGag) by heteronuclear multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. In solution, ΔGag exists(More)
N-Terminal self-cleavage (autoprocessing) of the HIV-1 protease precursor is crucial for liberating the active dimer. Under drug pressure, evolving mutations are predicted to modulate autoprocessing, and the reduced catalytic activity of the mature protease (PR) is likely compensated by enhanced conformational/dimer stability and reduced susceptibility to(More)
Reversible protein phosphorylation is vital for many fundamental cellular processes. The actual impact of adding and removing phosphate group(s) is 3-fold: changes in the local/global geometry, alterations in the electrostatic potential and, as the result of both, modified protein-target interactions. Here we present a comprehensive structural investigation(More)