Lakshmi Santhanam

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Oxidized low-density lipoproteins increase arginase activity and reciprocally decrease endothelial NO in human aortic endothelial cells. Here, we demonstrate that vascular endothelial arginase activity is increased in atherogenic-prone apolipoprotein E-null (ApoE(-/-)) and wild-type mice fed a high cholesterol diet. In ApoE(-/-) mice, selective arginase II(More)
NADPH oxidase is a major enzymatic source of oxygen free radicals in stimulated endothelial cells (ECs). The ortho-methoxy-substituted catechol, apocynin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone), isolated from the traditional medicinal plant Picrorhiza kurroa, inhibits the release of superoxide anion (O2*-) by this enzyme. The compound acts by blocking the(More)
There is increasing evidence that upregulation of arginase contributes to impaired endothelial function in aging. In this study, we demonstrate that arginase upregulation leads to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) uncoupling and that in vivo chronic inhibition of arginase restores nitroso-redox balance, improves endothelial function, and increases(More)
The rac1 GTPase and the p66shc adaptor protein regulate intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We examined the relationship between rac1 and p66shc. Expression of constitutively active rac1 (rac1V12) increased phosphorylation, reduced ubiquitination, and increased stability of p66shc protein. Rac1V12-induced phosphorylation and up-regulation(More)
Within the short span of a decade, Wi-Fi hotspots have revolutionized Internet service provisioning. With the increasing popularity and rising demand for more public Wi-Fi hotspots, network service providers are facing a daunting task. Wi-Fi hotspots typically require extensive wired infrastructure to access the backhaul network, which is often expensive(More)
Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) are evolving to be the key technology of the future. As the WMNs are envisioned to provide high bandwidth broadband service to a large community of users, the Internet Gateway (IGW) which acts as a central point of internet attachment for the mesh routers, it is likely to be a potential bottleneck because of its limited(More)
Local skin heating is used to assess microvascular function in clinical populations because NO is required for full expression of the response; however, controversy exists as to the precise NO synthase (NOS) isoform producing NO. Human aging is associated with attenuated cutaneous vasodilation but little is known about the middle aged, an age cohort used(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoke increases the risk of several cardiovascular diseases and has synergistic detrimental effects when present with other risks that contribute to its pathogenesis. Oxidative injury to the endothelium via reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) dysregulation is a common denominator of smoking-induced alterations in(More)
Endothelial function is impaired in aging because of a decrease in NO bioavailability. This may be, in part, attributable to increased arginase activity, which reciprocally regulates NO synthase (NOS) by competing for the common substrate, L-arginine. However, the high Km of arginase (>1 mmol/L) compared with NOS (2 to 20 micromol/L) seemingly makes direct(More)
Vascular and associated ventricular stiffness is one of the hallmarks of the aging cardiovascular system. Both an increase in reactive oxygen species production and a decrease in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability contribute to the endothelial dysfunction that underlies this vascular stiffness, independent of other age-related vascular pathologies such as(More)