Lakshmi A Ramanathan

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The extensor digitorum brevis manus, a supernumerary muscle in the fourth extensor compartment of the dorsum of the wrist, is a relatively rare anomalous muscle. Extensor digitorum brevis should be included in the differential diagnosis of soft tissue masses on the dorsal aspect of the hand as it may mimic cystic, neoplastic, inflammatory, and infectious(More)
BACKGROUND To study the arterial supply of the conducting system and its correlation with the dominance of the coronary arteries in the South Indian population. OBJECTIVE To determine angiographically the origins of the sinoatrial nodal artery (SAna) and atrioventricular nodal artery (AVna) in Indians. METHODS The study included 300 consecutive patients(More)
Lateral epicondylitis (LE) or tennis elbow has been the subject of concern during the last 60 years, but the pathogenesis of the LE remains unclear. The LE can be due to the tendinogenic, articular or neurogenic reasons. Numerous theories have been put fourth in the recent past, out of which one of the most popular theories is that the condition results(More)
During routine cadaveric dissection, we encountered multiple muscular anomalies in a 58-year-old embalmed male cadaver. All the variations were encountered on the flexor compartment of right upper limb. The anomalies include an axillary arch (Aa) in the axilla, a third head of biceps brachii (Thb) in the arm, a reverse palmaris longus (Rpl) and a Gantzer's(More)
The anatomical variations of the abdominal arteries are important due to its clinical significance. Various types of vascular anomalies are frequently found in human abdominal viscera, during cadaveric dissection and diagnostic radiological imaging. The present report describes a variation in the celiac trunk as found during routine dissection in a(More)
Anatomic variations of the extensor tendons of the forearm are frequent and its knowledge is important to assess the diseased and traumatized hand. During routine cadaveric dissection in the Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India, we came across unusual variations in the left upper limb of a 51-years-old male cadaver. The variants(More)
Anomalous muscles usually do not cause symptoms but are of academic interest. They become a surgical problem when they produce symptoms or are difficult to differentiate from soft tissue tumours. During routine cadaveric dissection for the undergraduate students at the Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, we came across two additional muscles in the deep(More)
Arcuate foramen is less known trait of the human atlas vertebra formed by a delicate bony spiculum, which arches backward from the posterior end of the superior articular process. Examination of 1044 human atlas vertebra revealed that the trait was present in 13.8% of the samples. The mean length of the arcuate foramen form was 7.16 mm on the left side and(More)
During routine cadaveric dissection of the flexor compartment of the right arm, multiple supernumerary muscles were observed in a 56-year-old male cadaver. There were three supernumerary muscles took taking origin independently from the humerus distally to the insertion of coracobrachialis muscle. The upper two supernumerary muscles were attached to the(More)
AIM The plantaris muscle (PM) and its tendon is subject to considerable variation in both the points of origin and of insertion. The present study was carried out to fi nd the different types of origin, insertion and possible variations of the PM in the population of southern costal region of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS 52 embalmed (Formalin fixed)(More)