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Etoposide-incorporated tripalmitin nanoparticles with negative (ETN) and positive charge (ETP) were prepared by melt emulsification and high-pressure homogenization techniques. Spray drying of nanoparticles led to free flowing powder with excellent redispersibility. The nanoparticles were characterized by size analysis, zeta potential measurements, and(More)
Squalene is a natural lipid belonging to the terpenoid family and a precursor of cholesterol biosynthesis. It is synthesized in humans and also in a wide array of organisms and substances, from sharks to olives and even bran, among others. Because of its significant dietary benefits, biocompatibility, inertness, and other advantageous properties, squalene(More)
The study evaluates the possibility of enhancing uptake of etoposide (topoisomerase II inhibitor) by tumor when delivered through polysorbate 20 micelles. The micelle formation was ascertained by determining the critical micellar concentration (CMC) with a du Nouy ring tensiometer and by size measurement using dynamic light scattering. Addition of 5%(More)
The tumoricidal effects of etoposide incorporated into lipid nanoparticles after single-dose administration were investigated in Dalton's lymphoma ascites bearing mice. Etoposide and its nanoparticle formulations were administered intraperitoneally, and the cell cycle perturbation, cytogenetic damage, cell death (apoptosis), tumor regression, and animal(More)
Despite several advancements in chemotherapy, the real therapy of cancer still remains a challenge. The development of new anti-cancer drugs for the treatment of cancer has not kept pace with the progress in cancer therapy, because of the nonspecific drug distribution resulting in low tumour concentrations and systemic toxicity. The main hindrance for the(More)
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) were prepared by emulsification and high pressure homogenization technique and characterized by size analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The influence of experimental factors such as homogenization pressure, time, and surfactant concentration on the nanoparticle size and distribution were investigated to optimize(More)
Univ. Paris-Sud XI, Faculté de Pharmacie, UMR CNRS 8612, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry Cedex, France. patrick.couvreur@u-psud.fr The objective of this review is to discuss the strategies adopted to improve the delivery of gemcitabine to tumors. Concomitant research in this area has implemented a wide variety of approaches such as, aerosolized formulations, prodrug(More)
Nucleoside analogues display significant anticancer or antiviral activity by interfering with DNA synthesis. However, there are some serious restrictions to their use, including their rapid metabolism and the induction of resistance. We have discovered that the linkage of nucleoside analogues to squalene leads to amphiphilic molecules that self-organize in(More)
This study investigates 1) the anticancer efficacy of a new squalenoyl prodrug of gemcitabine (SQgem) in nanoassembly form compared with gemcitabine at equitoxic doses and 2) the subacute and acute preclinical toxicity of these compounds. The toxicity studies revealed that SQgem nanoassemblies, like gemcitabine, were toxic, and they led to dose-dependent(More)