Lakdasa D K E Premawardhana

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A monoclonal autoantibody (MAb) with powerful thyroid stimulating activity has been produced from lymphocytes from a patient with Graves' disease. The autoantibody and its Fab fragment bind to the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR) with high affinity, inhibit labelled TSH binding to the receptor and stimulate cyclic AMP production in Chinese(More)
The properties of a human monoclonal antibody to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) (M22) with the characteristics of patient sera thyroid stimulating autoantibodies is described. Similar concentrations (pmol/L) of M22 Fab and porcine TSH had similar stimulating effects on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in TSHR-transfected Chinese hamster(More)
Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) occurs in 5% of women, with hypothyroidism developing in 23% of these after 3-5 yr. We have determined the prognostic significance of thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroid ultrasound morphology (U/S), human leukocyte antigen haplotype, and postpartum thyroid status on the development of thyroid dysfunction 77-81(More)
Thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) in pregnancy are a marker for postpartum (PPTD) and long-term thyroid dysfunction, with variable sensitivity and specificity in PPTD prediction. To test its utility in prediction, we recruited 308 TPOAb-positive (147 developed PPTD (PPTD group) and 161 remained euthyroid [PPTE group]) and 102 TPOAb-negative women (none(More)
The McCune-Albright syndrome, comprising polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, cutaneous pigmentation and endocrine hyperfunction, is occasionally complicated by acromegaly due to a pituitary adenoma. We report a patient with the McCune-Albright syndrome and acromegaly, who developed secondary hypothyroidism and hypoadrenalism, in whom surgical removal of the(More)
Post partum thyroiditis occurs in 50% of TPO AB+ve women and is characterised by transient hyperthyroidism followed by transient hypothyroidism during the first six months, post partum. A third of the latter group develop permanent hypothyroidism. The syndrome is seen in 5-9% of women and post partum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) reoccurs in 75% of women in a(More)
Analysis of nine mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) with TSH antagonist activity showed that only one of the mAbs (RSR B2) was an effective antagonist of the human thyroid stimulating autoantibody M22. Crystals of B2 Fab were analyzed by x-ray diffraction and a crystal structure at 3.3 A resolution was obtained. The(More)
CONTEXT Sequential conversion of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) to Graves' disease (GD) is uncommon. Distinct immune paradigms, paucity of functioning tissue in long-standing HT, and infrequent conversion of blocking (TBAb) to stimulating (TSAb) thyrotrophin receptor antibody (TRAb) may account for this. Molecular and crystal structure analysis helps(More)
Autoimmune thyroid disease is the predominant form of thyroid dysfunction in the developed world. Although its precise cause is currently unclear, principles of management have been established. There is a vigorous debate about the management of the increasingly commonly recognised subclinical forms of thyroid dysfunction despite recent recommendations.(More)