Lajos László

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After the cellular prion protein (PrPC) transits to the cell surface where it is bound by a glycophosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchor, PrPC is either metabolized or converted into the scrapie isoform (PrPSc). Because most GPI-anchored proteins are associated with cholesterol-rich membranous microdomains, we asked whether such structures participate in the(More)
Spectral variants of green fluorescent protein are widely used in live samples for a broad range of applications: from visualization of protein interactions, through following gene expression, to marking particular cells in complex tissues. Higher wavelength emissions (such as red) are preferred due to the lower background-autofluorescence in tissues(More)
Neuronal death and vacuolation are characteristics of the CNS degeneration found in prion diseases. Relatively few cultured cell lines have been identified that can be persistently infected with scrapie prions, and none of these cells show cytopathologic changes reminiscent of prion neuropathology. The differentiated neuronal cell line GT1, established from(More)
The prion encephalopathies are characterized by accumulation in the brain of the abnormal form PrPsc of a normal host gene product PrPc. The mechanism and site of formation of PrPsc from PrPc are currently unknown. In this study, ME7 scrapie-infected mouse brain was used to show, both biochemically and by double-labelled immunogold electron microscopy, that(More)
The novel basic, heat-stable tubulin polymerization promoting protein TPPP/p25 is associated with microtubules in vitro and can induce the formation of aberrant microtubule assemblies. We show by 1H-NMR spectroscopy that TPPP/p25 is natively unfolded. Antisera against peptide 186GKGKAGRVDLVDESG200NH2 (186-200) are highly specific to TPPP/p25.(More)
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy are characterized by the deposition of disease-associated α-synuclein. In the present study we 1) examined the molecular specificity of the novel anti-α-synuclein 5G4 antibody; 2) evaluated immunoreactivity patterns and their correlation in human brain tissue with micro-(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with mutations in the tau gene (MAPT) causes familial frontotemporal dementia with tau pathology. Many of these mutations result in morphological phenotypes resembling sporadic tauopathies, although, to date, no such cases mimicking argyrophilic grain disease (AgD) have been documented. We now present a case with a(More)
To examine the role of stress-related 70-kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp-s) in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), we performed immunocytochemistry to detect Hsp-72 and Hsp-73, together with the abnormal (PrP(Sc)) and the presumed cellular form (PrP(C)) of the prion protein, and TUNEL method to measure cellular vulnerability in different brain regions in CJD and(More)
The causation, structural origin, and mechanism of formation of spongiform lesions in transmissible encephalopathies are unknown. We have used immunogold electron microscopy to locate ubiquitin conjugates, hsp 70, and beta-glucuronidase (markers of the lysosomal compartment) and prion protein (PrP) in both control and scrapie-infected mouse brain. In(More)
In spite of the intensive search for the determination of the continuously widening physiological and pathological roles of different stress proteins, their ultrastructural localization at the electron microscopic (EM) level has hardly been examined. As it becomes increasingly evident that the function and physiological effectiveness of stress proteins are(More)