Laird A Bell

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The STE4 and STE18 genes are required for haploid yeast cell mating. Sequencing of the cloned genes revealed that the STE4 polypeptide shows extensive homology to the beta subunits of mammalian G proteins, while the STE18 polypeptide shows weak similarity to the gamma subunit of transducin. Null mutations in either gene can suppress the haploid-specific(More)
Dissected Malpighian tubules from wild type and the eye color mutant white of Drosophila were compared with respect to their abilities to transport tryptophan and kynurenine into tubule cells. It was determined that mutation at white greatly impairs the ability of Malpighian tubule cells to take up tryptophan. Functional studies on the extracellular spaces(More)
Stanniocalcin (STC) is a hormone that was originally identified in fish, where it inhibits calcium uptake by the gills and gut and stimulates phosphate adsorption by the kidney. Recently, two mammalian homologues of stanniocalcin were identified. The first (STC1) shows 61% identity to the fish stanniocalcins and appears to have a function similar to that of(More)
Uptakes of guanine into Malpighian tubules of wild-type Drosophila and the eye color mutants white (w), brown (bw), and pink-peach (p p) have been compared. Tubules for each of these mutants are unable to concentrate guanine intracellularly. The transport of xanthine and riboflavin is also deficient in w tubules. The transport of guanosine, adenine,(More)
The ability to induce cell cycle progression while evading cell death is a defining characteristic of cancer. Deregulation of E2F is a common event in most human cancers. Paradoxically, this can lead to both cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Although the way in which E2F causes cell cycle progression is well characterized, the pathways by which E2F(More)
Deregulation of the transcription factor E2F-1 is a common event in most human cancers. Paradoxically, E2F-1 has been shown to have the ability to induce both cell cycle progression and programmed cell death, leading potentially to both tumour-promoting as well as tumour-suppressive effects. Although the pathway to cell cycle progression seems(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to discern the pathophysio-logical bases for neuropathic hyperalgesias. METHODS In this study, neurological and neurophysiological evaluation of 132 consecutive hyperalgesia patients using rigorous clinical and laboratory protocols were carried out. RESULTS Two discrete semeiologic entities emerged: classic(More)
Multidrug resistance is a major barrier against successful chemotherapy, and this has been shown in vitro to be often caused by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. These transporters are frequently overexpressed in human cancers and confer an adverse prognosis in many common malignancies. The genetic factors, however, that initiate their expression in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of placental drainage of fetal blood at the time of cesarean delivery on the incidence of feto-maternal transfusion. METHODS This randomized trial includes 86 gravid women who underwent cesarean delivery. Forty-four women were assigned to the placental drainage group and 42 to the no-drainage group. Placental drainage was(More)