Laila N. Larsen

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Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs), tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are all shown to differently affect lipid homeostasis. Additionally, previous studies have shown that introducing a methyl group in the molecule potentiates the hypolipidemic effect of EPA. The objective of this study was to(More)
Prostaglandin H synthase can oxidize arachidonic acid with leuco-dichlorofluorescein as reducing cosubstrate. Addition of 0.5 mM phenol increases the oxidation of leuco-dichlorofluorescein to dichlorofluorescein 5-fold, probably by acting as a cyclic intermediate in the oxidation. Tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine is also oxidized as cosubstrate. Its oxidation(More)
(1) The chemical properties of thia fatty acids are similar to normal fatty acids, but their metabolism (see below: points 2-6) and metabolic effects (see below: points 7-15) differ greatly from these and are dependent upon the position of the sulfur atom. (2) Long-chain thia fatty acids and alkylthioacrylic acids are activated to their CoA esters in(More)
Intake of fish and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids is associated with a reduced concentration of plasma triacylglycerols (TAG) but the mechanisms are not fully clarified. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) activity, governing TAG synthesis, is affected by n-3 fatty acids. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) display expression of genes involved in lipid(More)
6,9,12,15,18-Heneicosapentaenoic acid (21:5n-3) (HPA), present in small amounts in fish oils, has been prepared by chemical elongation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and its biological properties compared with EPA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). All the double bonds of HPA are displaced one carbon away from the carboxyl group when compared to EPA. HPA is(More)
Alpha-ethyl-, alpha-methyl- and beta-methyl eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) were prepared and their incorporation into cell lipids and effects on eicosanoid synthesis compared with EPA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). alpha- and beta-methyl EPA were incorporated into hepatocyte triacylglycerols as efficiently as EPA, whereas lesser amounts were found in(More)
Partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO) contains a high amount of trans fatty acids (TFA). Total hydrogenation results in a minimal amount of TFA, but a high content of very-long-chain saturated fatty acids (VLCSFA). Absorption and metabolism of VLCSFA from totally hydrogenated fish oil (THFO) were studied in rats. Groups of eight rats were fed one of four(More)
FA with varying chain lengths and an α-methyl group and/or a sulfur in the β-position were tested as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α,-δ(β), and-γ ligands by transient transfection in COS-1 cells using chimeric receptor expression plasmids, containing cDNAs encoding the ligand-binding domain of PPARα,-δ, and-γ. For PPARα, an increasing(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) provides a model for sporadic colorectal cancer development. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition may ameliorate polyp development, but rofecoxib was withdrawn due to cardiovascular side effects. Although this selective COX-2 inhibitor, like diet, may alter the fatty acid and eicosanoid pattern, data on the potential(More)
A few familial adenomatous polyposis studies have focused upon faecal sterols and bile acids but none has analysed the fecal content of fatty acids. We report here findings of an observational study on 29 colectomized familial adenomatous polyposis patients that describe the fecal content of fatty acids, and relate this to the proportions of fatty acids and(More)