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The working memory functions and processing speed of 35 adolescents born preterm (< or = 32 weeks of gestation) and those of 31 control adolescents were assessed at the age of 16 years. All study participants were free from major disabilities. There were no statistically significant differences in verbal IQ between the study groups. Adolescents born preterm(More)
We compared event-related responses (ERPs) to non-attended frequent and intermittent auditory input in school-aged children and in young adults. In adults, both inputs elicited prominent auditory N100 responses at vertex. In children, intermittent stimulation evoked vertex responses with similar latency and refractoriness, whereas frequently delivered(More)
Speech and language comprehension and production were assessed at the age of 5 years in a cohort of children born preterm at < or = 32 weeks' gestational age (N=55) in comparison with children born at term and of similar age, sex, and social backgrounds. Data both including and excluding major neurological disabilities are presented. Mean performance for(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to examine the role of brain activity related to orienting in distractibility. METHODS Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to intermittently presented, non-attended trains of identical auditory stimuli in otherwise healthy but easily distractible (n=16) and non-distractible (n=16) 15-to-16 year old(More)
Forty-six intellectually normal children born preterm (< or =32 weeks of gestation) without major neurological disabilities and a control group of term children matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status were assessed at the age of 5 years using neuropsychological tests emphasizing perceptual and visuomotor functions. The results(More)
The P300 event-related potential (ERP) was studied at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of an auditory stimulus discrimination task in 70 normal 9-year-old children. Easily distractible children showed frontally a short-latency P300 response to target stimuli throughout the task, whereas in the non-distractible children the corresponding response(More)
Sixty children born preterm (gestational age < or = 32 weeks) and 60 control children matched by sex, and socio-economic and educational status of the parents were followed prospectively to the age of five years. Neurodevelopmental problems were surveyed by a detailed neurological and neuropsychological test battery, and by ophthalmological and hearing(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to examine the role of brain activity related to stimulus evaluation processes in distractibility by analyzing the P3 event-related potential. METHODS We studied the P3 response to target stimuli at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of a two-tone auditory oddball task in easily distractible (n = 16) and(More)
The linguistic abilities of children born preterm at 32 weeks' gestation or earlier at Kuopio University Hospital during 1984 to 1986 were evaluated during successive phases of a prospective study. The study protocol included the Rapid Automatic Naming test and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Revised at 9 years of age and a modified Stroop(More)
PURPOSE In prematurely born population, a cascade of events from initial injury in the developing brain to morbidity may be followed. The aim of our study was to assess seizures in prematurely born children from birth up to 16 years and to evaluate the contribution of different seizures, and of neurological dysfunction to the seizure outcome. METHODS Pre-(More)