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Within the past few years, there has been a significant change in identifying and characterizing the FMR1 premutation associated phenotypes. The premutation has been associated with elevated FMR1 mRNA levels and slight to moderate reductions in FMRP levels. Furthermore, it has been established that approximately 20% of female premutation carriers present(More)
Despite considerable excitement over the potential functional significance of copy-number variants (CNVs), we still lack knowledge of the fine-scale architecture of the large majority of CNV regions in the human genome. In this study, we used a high-resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) platform that targeted known CNV regions of(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between FMR1 premutation and ovarian dysfunction has been widely studied, and many factors such as the repeat tract size, the sequence organization of the CGG repeat tract, the parental origin of the premutation, and the FMR1 mRNA levels have been examined. X-chromosome inactivation has also been studied as a risk factor, but the(More)
Partial duplications involving the long arm of the X chromosome are associated with mental retardation, short stature, microcephaly, hypopituitarism and a wide range of physical findings. We identified an inherited Xq26.2-Xq26.3 duplication in two brothers with severe mental retardation, hypotonia, growth delay, craniofacial disproportion and dental(More)
Congenital balanced reciprocal translocations are one of the most frequent structural chromosomal aberrations in the population. We report a familial translocation t(12;22)(p13.3;pter) responsible for intellectual disabilities and congenital anomalies characterized by FISH and array CGH. Two patients carried a der(12)t(12;22)(p13.3;pter), resulting in a 6(More)
INTRODUCTION The study of mental retardation is one of the most complex fields in human genetics due to its high degree of clinical and genetic heterogeneity. About 50% of cases of mental retardation remain undiagnosed. It is known that about 6-10% of cases are due to subtelomeric rearrangements. Some of these are responsible for a clinically recognized(More)
FMR1 premutation female carriers are at risk for Fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI). Insights from knock-in mouse model have recently demonstrated that FXPOI is due to an increased rate of follicle depletion or an impaired development of the growing follicles. Molecular mechanisms responsible for this reduced viability are still(More)
The deletion of the long arm of chromosome 18 causes a contiguous gene deletion syndrome with a highly variable phenotype, usually related to the extent of the deleted region. The most commonly reported clinical features include: decreased growth, microcephaly, facial abnormalities, hypotonia, developmental delay, intellectual disability, congenital aural(More)
OBJECTIVES Fragile-X premutation carriers have been considered asymptomatic patients for a long time. It has been, however, demonstrated that the premutation is also involved in clinical pathology, such as premature ovarian failure, the fragile-X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome, and a distinct neurocognitive and behavioral phenotype, which includes(More)
PURPOSE Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder that occurs in FMR1 premutation carriers. It is well known that the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disease. The main goal of this work was to evaluate the apolipoprotein E genotypes and allelic distribution among patients with(More)