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BACKGROUND Hypertrophic pachymeningitis has been described as a manifestation of a number of conditions, like infection and neoplasms such as dural carcinomatosis or lymphomas. IgG4-related hypertrophic pachymeningitis is a new entity identified during the past decade and most reports described pachymeningeal involvement only. CASE DESCRIPTION We present(More)
BACKGROUND High-flow extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass followed by sacrifice of the native internal carotid artery (ICA) is a recognized treatment option for giant ICA aneurysm and skull base tumor involving the ICA. Distal clipping at the supraclinoid portion of the ICA is technically straightforward, but it can potentially compromise ophthalmic(More)
INTRODUCTION The management of traumatic brain injuries in the elderly (age ≥ 65 years) is a constant dilemma. The aim of this study is to investigate for factors that may predict outcome of operative treatment in this group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted on 68 elderly patients who had been operated in a(More)
BACKGROUND Neurogenic bladder refers to dysfunction of the urinary bladder secondary to diseases of the nervous system that result in problems with urine storage, micturition, or both. The most common causes are multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury. Patients commonly present with recurrent UTIs, obstructive uropathies, and urinary retention. Without(More)
We describe the very rare complication of new onset complete paralysis and numbness of one limb after an epidural blood patch in a 36-year-old woman. Intracranial hypotension resulting from a spinal cerebrospinal fluid fistula may be treated by epidural injection of autologous blood that is, a blood patch. This is usually a safe and effective procedure. The(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer cell lymphoma is an uncommon hematologic malignancy, and central nervous system metastasis is rare. The classic magnetic resonance imaging appearance of lymphoma in the brain is T1 hypointense with strong homogeneous gadolinium enhancement, variable T2 signal, and restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted images. Gadolinium(More)
BACKGROUND Primary central nervous system (CNS) natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoma is rare with only 7 cases reported previously. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) are frequently used for disease diagnosis and monitoring. Choline (CHO) PET is gaining popularity for identifying CNS(More)
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