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Multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumor cells is a significant obstacle to the success of chemotherapy in many cancers. The purpose of this research is to test the possibility of docetaxel-loaded poly (ε-caprolactone)/Pluronic F68 (PCL/Pluronic F68) nanoparticles to overcome MDR in docetaxel-resistance human breast cancer cell line. Docetaxel-loaded(More)
The mechanism of interaction of artificially generated lipid vesicles (approximately 500 A diameter) with Chinese hamster V79 cells bathed in a simple balanced salt solution was investigated. The major pathways of exogenous lipid incorporation in vesicle-treated cells are vesicle-cell fusion and vesicle-cell lipid exchange. At 37 degrees C, the fusion(More)
Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies could provide potential solutions. In this research, a novel biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-d-a-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (PLGA-TPGS) random copolymer was synthesized from lactide, glycolide and d-a-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate(More)
Glioblastoma is the most frequent and malignant glioma in adults. To develop an effective gene therapy strategy for glioblastoma, we investigated the anti-proliferative effects of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) restoration and siRNAs specifically targeting PIK3CB and PIK3CA on PTEN-deficient glioblastoma cells in vitro and in subcutaneous xenografts.(More)
Three types of nanoparticle formulation from biodegradable PLGA-TPGS random copolymer were developed in this research for oral administration of anticancer drugs, which include DMAB-modified PLGA nanoparticles, unmodified PLGA-TPGS nanoparticles and DMAB-modified PLGA-TPGS nanoparticles. Firstly, the PLGA-TPGS random copolymer was synthesized and(More)
During hypoosmotic stress, membrane vesicles enriched in acetylcholine receptors become more permeable to external tracer molecules. When vesicles are immersed in 3 volumes of water containing 22Na+, 50-70% of 22Na+ equilibration is attained within 90 s. On the other hand, the uptake of 22 Na+ is greatly diminished only 6-10 s after an osmotic shock, and(More)
BACKGROUND The formulation of docetaxel available for clinical use (Taxotere) contains a high concentration of polysorbate 80 (Tween 80). After incorporation of Tween 80 into poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL)-Tween 80 copolymer, the relative amount of Tween 80 should be decreased and the advantages of PCL and Tween 80 should be combined. METHODS A novel PCL-Tween(More)
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) E7 is a viral oncoprotein believed to play a major role in cervical cancer. In this study, an antagonist peptide against HPV16E7 protein was first identified from screening the c7c phage display peptide library. The binding specificity and affinity of the selected peptide to HPV16E7 were tested by competitive(More)
We previously showed that liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidyl-ethanolamine and palmitoyl-homocysteine (8:2) are highly fusion competent when exposed to an acidic environment of pH less than 6.5. (Connor, J., M. B. Yatvin, and L. Huang, 1984, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 81:1715-1718). Palmitoyl anti-H2Kk was incorporated into these pH-sensitive(More)
Invasion and metastasis are the main causes of treatment failure and death in breast cancer. Thus, novel invasion-based therapies such as those involving natural agents are urgently required. In this study, we examined the effects of magnolol (Mag), a compound extracted from medicinal herbs, on breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Highly invasive(More)