Lai Man Pang

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To determine whether cold could activate the kallikrein-kinin system in vivo as it does in vitro, the circulating systemic concentrations of bradykinin were serially measured in 10 cyildren with congenital diseases of the heart undergoing corrective cardiac surgery. Bradykinin was measured by radioimmunoassay in blood samples obtained before, during and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate specific diagnostic fine needle aspiration cytologic (FNAC) features of phyllodes tumor (PT), particularly in the differentiation from fibroadenoma (FA). STUDY DESIGN Twenty-eight FNAC of PT were reviewed for smear cellularity, epithelial and stromal fragments, their size and atypia, epithelial/stromal area ratio, background single(More)
The effect of administration of terbutaline on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems was studied in ten children with status asthmaticus. Terbutaline (0.01 to 0.04 mg/kg of body weight) was given subcutaneously in multiple doses. A significant decrease in respiratory rate and in arterial blood pressure, with no significant change in cardiac rate, was(More)
To investigate mechanisms of pulmonary edema in respiratory failure, we studied unanesthetized sheep with vascular catheters, pleural balloons, and chronic lung lymph fistulas. Animals breathed either a hypercapnic-enriched oxygen (n = 5) or a hypercapnic-hypoxic (n = 5) gas mixture for 2 h. Every 15 min blood gases, pressures, cardiac output, lymph flow(More)
The effect of acute obstruction to lymphatic drainage on fluid accumulation in the lungs, pleura, and pericardium was assessed in the intact dog. Catheters were positioned in the venae cavase, right atrium (RA), left atrium (LA), age on fluid accumulation in the lungs, pleura, and pericardium was assessed in the intact dog. Catheters were positioned in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Preemptive analgesia has been evident in animals, but few adult human studies exist demonstrating this concept exist, and there are fewer still in children. Caudal epidural blocks with local anesthetics are often placed for postoperative analgesia in children. This study evaluated whether these blocks are more effective when placed(More)
To determine whether diaphragmatic fatigue in the intact animal subjected to loaded breathing is associated with a decrease in diaphragmatic blood flow, seven unanesthetized sheep were subjected to severe inspiratory flow resistive (IFR) loads that led to a decrease in transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) and a rise in arterial PCO2 (PaCO2). Blood flow to the(More)
To determine whether O2 availability limited diaphragmatic performance, we subjected unanesthetized sheep to severe (n = 11) and moderate (n = 3) inspiratory flow resistive loads and studied the phrenic venous effluent. We measured transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), systemic arterial and phrenic venous blood gas tensions, and lactate and pyruvate(More)
The effects of hyperinflation and of atelectasis on accumulation of fluid in the lung was studied in 12 anesthetized spontaneously breathing puppies. Vascular pressures were raised and the plasma colloid osmotic pressure was reduced by the infusion of 0.9% saline thus promoting the formation of pulmonary edema. A tracheostomy was performed and the left(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is a potent edematogenic agent in systemic tissues. It is degraded by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which is located on the surface of all vascular endothelia. We hypothesized that since oxygen tension modulates ACE activity, the high pulmonary oxygen tension and hence high ACE activity protects the lung from the edematogenic effects(More)