Lai Man Pang

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Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare tumour. Certain distinctive clinical and radiological features suggest the correct diagnosis. There is moderate predilection for young women. ASPS almost always arises in skeletal muscle and occurs most frequently in the lower limbs. There is often a long clinical history and a large mass at presentation. Two(More)
Improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital disorders have resulted in a change in surgical practice. Many conditions that formerly required corrective surgery immediately after birth are no longer surgical emergencies. Most babies with congenital anomalies that can be corrected by surgery are now stabilized and optimized before the procedure.(More)
Medulloepithelioma is a rare tumour with a very poor prognosis. The most frequent site in the central nervous system is the cerebral hemispheres. Appearances on MRI are very variable, possibly reflecting the divergent forms of differentiation seen at histological examination. We report a rare case of sellar and suprasellar medulloepithelioma in a 2-year-old(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate specific diagnostic fine needle aspiration cytologic (FNAC) features of phyllodes tumor (PT), particularly in the differentiation from fibroadenoma (FA). STUDY DESIGN Twenty-eight FNAC of PT were reviewed for smear cellularity, epithelial and stromal fragments, their size and atypia, epithelial/stromal area ratio, background single(More)
Changes in angiotensin-converting enzyme were measured in the lungs of fetal rabbits isolated and perfused in situ at varying ages from 22 days gestation to 7 days of age under controlled conditions of flow, pH, and temperature. Enzyme activity was assessed by infusing bradykinin or angiotensin I in Krebs-Henseleit solution and measuring residual peptide in(More)
To investigate mechanisms of pulmonary edema in respiratory failure, we studied unanesthetized sheep with vascular catheters, pleural balloons, and chronic lung lymph fistulas. Animals breathed either a hypercapnic-enriched oxygen (n = 5) or a hypercapnic-hypoxic (n = 5) gas mixture for 2 h. Every 15 min blood gases, pressures, cardiac output, lymph flow(More)
To determine whether O2 availability limited diaphragmatic performance, we subjected unanesthetized sheep to severe (n = 11) and moderate (n = 3) inspiratory flow resistive loads and studied the phrenic venous effluent. We measured transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), systemic arterial and phrenic venous blood gas tensions, and lactate and pyruvate(More)
To determine whether cold could activate the kallikrein-kinin system in vivo as it does in vitro, the circulating systemic concentrations of bradykinin were serially measured in 10 cyildren with congenital diseases of the heart undergoing corrective cardiac surgery. Bradykinin was measured by radioimmunoassay in blood samples obtained before, during and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Preemptive analgesia has been evident in animals, but few adult human studies exist demonstrating this concept exist, and there are fewer still in children. Caudal epidural blocks with local anesthetics are often placed for postoperative analgesia in children. This study evaluated whether these blocks are more effective when placed(More)
The effect of administration of terbutaline on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems was studied in ten children with status asthmaticus. Terbutaline (0.01 to 0.04 mg/kg of body weight) was given subcutaneously in multiple doses. A significant decrease in respiratory rate and in arterial blood pressure, with no significant change in cardiac rate, was(More)