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BACKGROUND High density lipoprotein (HDL) was reported to decrease plasma glucose and promote insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes patients. This investigation was designed to determine the effects and mechanisms of HDL on glucose uptake in adipocytes and glycogen synthesis in muscle cells. METHODS AND RESULTS Actions of HDL on glucose uptake and GLUT4(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Urocortin is a locally expressed pro-inflammatory peptide. Here we have examined the effects of urocortin on sodium laurate-induced peripheral arterial vasculitis in rats, modelling the mechanisms of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Peripheral vasculitis in rats was induced by sodium laurate and graded by(More)
Surgery often leads to neuroinflammation, which mainly acts as the activation of microglia cells. Propofol is always used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia prior to surgical trauma, whereas whether or not it could attenuate neuroinflammation used prophylactically is not well defined. In the present study, we incubated BV-2 microglia cells with 1(More)
Peripheral corticotropin-releasing hormone receptors (CRHRs) are G protein-coupled receptors that play different roles depending on tissue types. Previously, we discovered the mechanism of CRHR-mediated apoptosis of mouse prostate cancer cell line (RM-1) to be a change of Bcl-2:Bax ratio, and CRH was found to inhibit transforming growth factor β migration(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our previous study showed that urocortin (Ucn1) exacerbates the hypercoagulable state and vasculitis in a rat model of sodium laurate-induced thromboangiitis obliterans. Furthermore, the inflammatory molecules COX-2 and ICAM-1 may participate in this effect. In the present study, the effects of Ucn1 on COX-2 and ICAM-1 expression in(More)
This paper introduces a Mobile Resource Management (MRM) system for mobile E-commerce developed last year, mainly focusing on the server's implementation. The major advantages of the MRM are: (1) It provides location-based and context-aware services for mobile users. (2) It helps mobile E-commerce service providers (such as local advertisers) improve the(More)
This paper describes an ontology-based intelligent authoring tool. We focus on how task ontology helps the construction of learner modeling and teaching strategy modeling. Our goal is to provide the intelligent training system authors with a friendly and helpful guideline using task ontology, which enables them to build more powerful and flexible(More)
Cytokine gene polymorphisms can affect the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We analyzed 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 3 immunosuppressive cytokine genes, TGFβ1-509(C>T), +869(T>C), TGFβ1 receptor II (TGFβ1RII) +1167(C>T, codon389 AAC/AAT), and IL-10-1082(A>G), -819(T>C), -592(A>C), in a cohort of 138 pairs of recipients(More)
Urocortin (UCN) is a member of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) family, which has been reported to play a role in many biological processes, including inflammation and cancer development. Growing evidence shows that PLA2 (phospholipase A2) enzymes also participate in inflammation and tumor development. The primary aim of the present study was to(More)