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AIDS-related primary central nervous system lymphoma (AIDS PCNSL) is a rapidly fatal disease. Conventional therapeutic modalities offer little and new approaches are needed. Previous work has shown that zidovudine (AZT) in combination with other agents is active in retroviral lymphomas. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is detected in tumor tissue and cerebrospinal(More)
Human herpesvirus (HHV) type 8 has been detected in both classical and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma, body-cavity lymphomas, and other types of tumors. HHV-8 has also been detected in DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of some Kaposi's sarcoma patients and more readily in B cell fractions derived from panned cell subpopulations. Two patients(More)
Gammaherpes viruses are often detected in lymphomas arising in immunocompromised patients. We have found that Azidothymidine (AZT) alone induces apoptosis in Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) positive Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells but requires interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) to induce apoptosis in Human Herpes Virus Type 8 (HHV-8) positive Primary Effusion Lymphomas(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I, a retrovirus, can cause a distinctive cancer, adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. The median survival of patients with the acute and lymphomatous forms of the disease is short, despite the use of cytotoxic chemotherapy. METHODS We treated 19 patients with acute or lymphomatous forms of(More)
Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a lymphoproliferative disorder that can be defined based upon both clinical and pathological characteristics. The clinical features of this frequently fatal disease include fever, generalized lymphadenopathy, fatigue, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, and pancytopenia. Recently, severe forms of this disease have been(More)
A total of 113 patients with infection due to human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-I) were evaluated at the University of Miami from January 1988 to March 1993. Forty patients were identified with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) and 63 with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM). Three had concomitant ATLL and HAM. Two HAM patients co-infected with(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type one (HTLV-1) is associated with tropical spastic paraparesis or HTLV-I--associated myelopathy. We report 2 women with a spastic ataxic illness similar to HTLV-I--associated myelopathy infected solely with HTLV-II. Identification of HTLV-II infection was made serologically, by polymerase chain reaction, and by viral(More)
Lymphoproliferative diseases that occur in immunocompromised patients are frequently associated with herpesviruses. These patients often fare poorly after treatment with conventional chemotherapy. We reported previously that patients with AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) responded to parenteral azidothymidine (AZT) and IFN-alpha. We found that(More)
BACKGROUND Although pursed-lip breathing (PLB) has been advocated to reduce respiratory rate and improve oxygen saturation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at rest, the evidence of its effects on dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and exercise tolerance is scarce. AIM To evaluate the effect of PLB on exercise tolerance, breathing(More)