Laetitia Corset

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The gene GAD2 encoding the glutamic acid decarboxylase enzyme (GAD65) is a positional candidate gene for obesity on Chromosome 10p11-12, a susceptibility locus for morbid obesity in four independent ethnic populations. GAD65 catalyzes the formation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which interacts with neuropeptide Y in the paraventricular nucleus to(More)
Obesity is a major public health problem and is often associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome. Leptin is the crucial adipostatic hormone that controls food intake and body weight through the activation of specific leptin receptors (OB-R) in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). However, in most obese(More)
Endospanin-1 is a negative regulator of the cell surface expression of leptin receptor (OB-R), and endospanin-2 is a homologue of unknown function. We investigated the mechanism for endospanin-1 action in regulating OB-R cell surface expression. Here we show that endospanin-1 and -2 are small integral membrane proteins that localize in endosomes and the(More)
Prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and of the metabolic syndrome are in Mauritius amongst the highest in the world. As T2DM and CHD are closely associated and have both a polygenic basis, we conducted a 10 cM genome scan with 403 microsatellite markers in 99 independent families of North-Eastern Indian origin including 535(More)
Individual genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) remains expensive, especially for linkage disequilibrium mapping strategies involving high-throughput SNP genotyping. On one hand, current methods may suit scientific and laboratory needs in regard to accuracy, reproducibility/robustness, and large-scale application. On the other hand, a(More)
Animal studies have illustrated the importance of the expression in adipose tissue of the leptin receptor (OB-R), and of SOCS3 an inhibitor of the leptin signaling pathway, in body weight regulation. The aim of the present study was to investigate in human adipose tissues of the same patients the OB-R isoforms and SOCS3 expression. Subcutaneous and omental(More)
BACKGROUND In budding yeast, the highly conserved Tel2 protein is part of several complexes and its main function is now believed to be in the biogenesis of phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase related kinases. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To uncover potentially novel functions of Tel2, we set out to isolate temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant alleles of TEL2 in order to(More)
Human malignant gliomas exhibit acquisition of either one of two telomere maintenance mechanisms, resulting from either reactivation of telomerase expression or activation of an alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanism. In the present study, we analyzed 63 human malignant gliomas for the presence of ALT-specific extrachromosomal circles of(More)
Menin, the protein encoded by the Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 gene, is involved in the cell cycle control through its participation in functional dynamics of chromatin and regulation of transcription. RB, the protein of the retinoblastoma gene RB1, controls the progression of the cell cycle and is regulated in its activity by means of a feedback by(More)
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