Laetitia Alvarez

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Helicobacter pylori is associated with neutrophil infiltrates, although the mechanism of their recruitment is only partially defined. The aim of the study was to determine if Kato III, a human gastric epithelial cell line, expressed cytokines and the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), which could contribute to the initiation of(More)
The application of taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) induces a long-lasting increase of synaptic efficacy and axon excitability (LLP-TAU) in rat hippocampal CA1 area. After taurine withdrawal, LLP-TAU lasted at least 3 h. This fact prompted us to assess whether the mechanisms involved in the maintenance of this particular potentiation were similar to(More)
Within 60 min of the administration of serotonin to fasted-refed rats, there was a 5-, 16-, and 20-fold stimulation of the mRNA coding for the cytosolic form of P-enolpyruvate carboxykinase in the kidney, small intestine and liver, respectively. This stimulation was 5-, 1.3-, and 2-fold higher than noted in the same tissue after 24 h of starvation. Dose-(More)
The subcellular distribution of carbonic anhydrase II, either throughout the cytosol or in the cytoplasm close to the apical plasma membrane or vesicular compartments, suggests that this enzyme may have different roles in the regulation of pH in intra- or extracellular compartments. To throw more light on the role of pancreatic carbonic anhydrase II, we(More)
Platelets are critical for normal hemostasis. Their deregulation can lead to bleeding or to arterial thrombosis, a primary cause of heart attack and ischemic stroke. Src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 1 (SHIP1) is a 5-phosphatase capable of dephosphorylating the phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate second messenger into(More)
The high intraluminal concentrations of HCO(3)(-) in the human pancreatic ducts have suggested the existence of a membrane protein supplying the Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger. Membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase IV (CA IV) is one of the potential candidates for this protein. The difficulties in isolating human pancreatic ducts have led the authors to study the(More)
Human pancreatic duct cells secrete HCO3- ions mediated by a Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and a HCO3- channel that may be a carbonic anhydrase IV (CA IV) in a channel-like conformation. This secretion is regulated by CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator). In CF cells homozygous for the deltaF508 mutation, the defect in targeting of CFTR to(More)
The high concentration of HCO3 − ions (150 mM) in the human pancreatic ducts raises the question of the membrane proteins responsible for their secretion in addition to the Cl−/HCO3 − exchanger. In this study, we investigated the expression of carbonic anhydrase IV (CA IV), a possible candidate. Experiments were carried out on specimens of normal human(More)
The specific mechanisms controlling the transition from proliferation to terminal differentiation in human intestinal epithelial cells (HIEC) remain largely undefined. Herein, we analyzed the expression and localization of Rb and E2F proteins in well-established normal intestinal epithelial cell models which allow for the re-enactment of the crypt-villus(More)
The structural integrity of the Golgi complex is essential to its functions in the maturation, sorting, and transport of plasma membrane proteins. Previously, we demonstrated that in pancreatic duct CFPAC-1 cells, which express DeltaF508 CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), the intracellular trafficking of carbonic anhydrase IV (CA(More)