Lael Reinstatler

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BACKGROUND Insulin is a vital peptide hormone that is a central regulator of glucose homeostasis, and impairments in insulin signaling cause diabetes mellitus. In principle, it should be possible to enhance the activity of insulin by inhibiting its catabolism, which is mediated primarily by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), a structurally and evolutionarily(More)
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a ubiquitous zinc-metalloprotease that hydrolyzes several pathophysiologically relevant peptides, including insulin and the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta). IDE is inhibited irreversibly by compounds that covalently modify cysteine residues, a mechanism that could be operative in the etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)(More)
BACKGROUND Hypocatabolism of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), making pharmacological activation of IDE an attractive therapeutic strategy. However, it has not been established whether the proteolytic activity of IDE can be enhanced by drug-like compounds. (More)
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a widely studied zinc-metalloprotease implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer disease (AD) and varicella zoster virus infection. Despite more than six decades of research on IDE, progress has been hampered by the lack of well-characterized reagents targeting this biomedically important(More)
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