Lael Reinstatler

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RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSdAnalysis of data on U.S. adults $50 years of age with (n = 1,621) or without type 2 diabetes (n = 6,867) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999–2006. Type 2 diabetes was defined as clinical diagnosis after age 30 without initiation of insulin therapy within 1 year. Those with diabetes were(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence of biochemical B(12) deficiency in adults with type 2 diabetes taking metformin compared with those not taking metformin and those without diabetes, and explore whether this relationship is modified by vitamin B(12) supplements. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Analysis of data on U.S. adults ≥50 years of age with (n =(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 70% of all suicides in patients aged >60 years are attributed to physical illness, with higher rates noted in patients with cancer. The purpose of the current study was to characterize suicide rates among patients with genitourinary cancers and identify factors associated with suicide in this specific cohort. METHODS Patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the published literature on the efficacy of ketamine for the treatment of suicidal ideation (SI). METHODS The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched up to January 2015 for clinical trials and case reports describing therapeutic ketamine administration to patients presenting with SI/suicidality. Searches were also conducted for(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the association of marital status and survival of patients with ACC using a population-based database. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with ACC were abstracted from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database from 1988-2010 (n=1271). Variables included marital status (married vs single/divorced/widowed (SDW)), gender,(More)
BACKGROUND Although there are well-established risk factors for the diagnosis of bladder cancer, there is no consensus regarding risk factors for presentation of advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis. The objective of this study was to identify the demographic and clinical factors associated with metastasis at diagnosis in patients with bladder(More)
BACKGROUND While RCC is the most common primary renal neoplasm, few cases of ipsilateral renal lesions of different RCC histologic subtypes have been described. The objective of this study was to evaluate our experience with synchronous, histologically unique, primary renal neoplasms within the same kidney. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed(More)
PURPOSE To explore the association of body mass index (BMI) and comorbidity with renal function after nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 263 patients submitted to partial or radical nephrectomy from 2000-2013. Variables assessed included BMI, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), race, tobacco use, tumor histology, surgical(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate trends in prostate biopsy and cancer diagnosis at a center with conservative screening practices in the pre- and post-2012 era. More restrictive prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening guidelines have led to lower rates of screening, biopsy, and diagnosis of prostate cancer. It is not clear, however, how regions with low baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Few reports have been published regarding the outcomes of patients who develop an undescended testicular malignancy (UTM). Our objective was to analyze the sociodemographic and survival outcomes of patients with UTM and those of with descended testicular malignancy (DTM). PATIENTS AND METHODS All 17 registries constituting the Surveillance,(More)