Ladislava Wsólová

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Objective The aims of the present study were to: analyse the prevalence of polypharmacy in a group of older patients; evaluate the influence of hospital stay on the number of drugs taken; assess the most frequently prescribed pharmacological classes; identify risk factors that predisposed the patient to polypharmacy. Setting The study was carried out in the(More)
The polymorphism at codon 129 (M129V) of the prion protein gene (PRNP) is a recognized genetic marker for susceptibility to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in the Caucasians. The distribution of this polymorphism in healthy individuals provides an important starting point for the evaluation of CJD risk in the general population. Early studies of reference(More)
The mutagenic activity of sodium fluoride at reduced pH was studied in the V79/HGPRT system. Statistical analysis of the results of mutagenicity testing suggests that, despite its high toxicity, sodium fluoride has no mutagenic effects at reduced pH on hamster V79 cells. Short-term treatment of cells with sodium fluoride at reduced pH inhibits growth(More)
Participants in a study of occupational exposure to mineral fibres in Slovakia were analysed for the polymorphism 23A-->G in the DNA repair gene XPA. Of the 388 subjects, 239 were exposed to asbestos, stonewool or glass fibre; the rest were unexposed controls. Levels of DNA base alterations (oxidation and alkylation) in lymphocytes were measured using the(More)
The aim of this paper was to evaluate genotoxic effects of borneol and its ability to change DNA-damaging effects of H2O2 in rat hepatocytes and testicular cells. Both in vitro and ex vivo approaches were used in the case of hepatocytes. Testicular cells were tested only ex vivo, i.e. shortly after isolation from rats supplemented by borneol. Cytotoxicity(More)
Plant volatiles, which can get into the human organism in food, medicines, or cosmetic preparations, frequently manifest antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and other effects. We studied anti-oxidative, cytotoxic, genotoxic and possible DNA-protective effects of eugenol and borneol. Anti-oxidative activities of aqueous and ethanolic solutions of these two(More)
BACKGROUND Although increasing attention has been given to the evaluation of use of potentially inappropriate medication in the older European Union (EU) member countries, information on this topic from Central and Eastern Europe is scarce. OBJECTIVES The aims of the present study were: to identify risk factors enhancing the probability of use of(More)
The aims of the present study were: to evaluate the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) leading to hospitalization in elderly patients; to analyze the drugs which have been identified as having causal relationship with ADRs and to identify risk factors which predispose the patient to such ADRs. The study has been performed in 600 patients aged> or(More)
Life expectancy in central-Eastern European countries is more than 10 years lower compared with Northern or Western countries which could be the result of complex factors including genetics, nutrition and life style. We conducted a molecular epidemiological study with the aim of investigating links between DNA instability, genetic polymorphisms in(More)
A vegetarian diet results in higher intake of vitamins and micronutrients, which - although providing antioxidant defence - may lead to deficiency in other micronutrients involved in DNA metabolism and stability (such as vitamins belonging to the B group). The principal difference among various vegetarian diets is the extent to which animal products are(More)