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The objective of this study was to determine individual and combined effects of fumonisin B1 (FB1), beauvericin (BEA) and ochratoxin A (OTA) on porcine kidney epithelial PK15 cell survival by measuring lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, apoptotic index and caspase-3 activity. Cells were treated with 0.05, 0.5 and 5 μg/ml of each mycotoxin or with the(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a possible etiological agent of endemic nephropathy, a chronic renal disease with high prevalence in limited geographic areas. Ochratoxicosis has many characteristics of different pathological states in which heat shock proteins (Hsps) are usually induced. The most inducible heat shock proteins belong to the Hsp70 family. We determined(More)
Mycotoxin fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) is a frequent contaminant of grain, particularly maize, but the mechanism of its toxicity in the kidney and liver is not fully understood. FB(1)-stimulated oxidative stress might disturb cellular redox state and signal transduction pathways of the target cells. In this study we measured total intracellular glutathione (GSH),(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the involvement of calcium signalling in genotoxicity, apoptosis and necrosis evoked by ochratoxin A (OTA) and citrinin (CTN) alone or in combination in porcine kidney PK15 cells. Cell proliferation test (MTT) and trypan blue assays (24 h) demonstrated that CTN (IC50 = 73.5 ± 1.0, 75.4 ± 1.4 μM, respectively) was less(More)
Apoptosis is a physiological cell suicide program that is critical for the development and maintenance of healthy tissues. Regulation of programmed cell death allows the organism to control the cell number and the tissue size, and to protect itself from rogue cells that threaten homeostasis. The changed activity of numerous genes influences switching of(More)
Fumonisins, mycotoxins produced by certain strains of Fusarium moniliforme, could induce various diseases in animals and are suspected human carcinogens. Fumonisin B1 (FB1), the most commonly found fumonisin, has been characterised as a tumour initiator and a tumour promoter, a mitogen and an anti-proliferative agent. In this study we examined the(More)
Lower micromolar concentrations of peroxovanadium compound potassium bisperoxo(1,10-phenanthroline)oxovanadate (V) [bpV (phen)] stimulate RINm5F cell metabolic activity. 1 and 3 μmol/L bpV (phen) induces strong and sustained activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). However, it seems that bpV (phen) does not effect c-Jun N-terminal kinase(More)
Systemic inflammation and oxidative stress are the most important features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The presence of oxidative stress in the airways of smokers, the largest population of COPD patients, is a consequence of direct inhalation of cigarette smoke and increased inflammation-related production of reactive oxygen species. On(More)
The central nervous system is exposed to the chronic oxidative stress during aging when the endogenous defence weakens and the load of reactive oxygen species enhances. Sex hormones and heat shock proteins (Hsps) participate in these responses to stress. Their regulation is disturbed in aging. We assessed the expression of Hsps in hippocampus and cortex of(More)
The paraoxonase gene family in humans includes three members: PON1, PON2 and PON3. The products of those three genes are the following enzymes: paraoxonase 1 (PON1), paraoxonase 2 (PON2) and paraoxonase 3 (PON3). PON1 is mainly associated with a high density lipoprotein (HDL). A small amount of this enzyme is also bound to very low-density lipoprotein(More)