Laarni G Villahermosa

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A nonhuman primate model of tuberculosis that closely resembles human disease is urgently needed. We have evaluated the Philippine cynomolgus monkey, Macaca fasicularis, as a model of TB. Cynomolgus monkeys challenged intratracheally with extremely high doses of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (10(5) or 10(4) CFU) developed an acute, rapidly progressive, highly(More)
Monthly doses of rifampin, ofloxacin, and minocycline (ROM) are expected to be effective treatment for multi-bacillary leprosy. Patients with MB leprosy received ROM (n = 10) or World Health Organization multi-drug therapy (MDT) (n = 11). Treatment with ROM was given as 24 consecutive monthly observed doses of rifampin (600 mg), ofloxacin (400 mg), and(More)
Serum levels of cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha), cytokine receptors (TNFR I and II) and one monokine (neopterin) were estimated in seven leprosy patients to establish disease associated markers for reversal reactions (RR). Sera were collected at diagnosis of leprosy, at the onset of reversal reaction and at different time points during and at(More)
A total of 100 untreated new leprosy patients were recruited prospectively and examined for the presence of phenolic glycolipid I (PGL-I) antigen in their serum specimens by dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using rabbit anti-PGL-I antiserum. The presence of circulating PGL-I antigen was closely related to the bacterial indices (BI) of the(More)
A 2-month clinical trial of pefloxacin and ofloxacin in previously untreated multibacillary patients was conducted at the Leonard Wood Memorial Leprosy Research Center, Cebu, the Philippines. Treatment with either pefloxacin or ofloxacin resulted in rapid clinical improvement, in this regard pefloxacin appearing somewhat superior. Reactions and side effects(More)
At a time when primary dapsone resistance was prevalent in many leprosy endemic areas, Cebu in The Philippines reported only 3.6% in the period 1975-1978 and later 8.1% in the period 1979-1982. In our current study of patients in the period 1988-1992, the number increased dramatically to 52.7%. In addition, 7.9% of the isolates are highly resistant to(More)
The skin lesions of leprosy provide a window into the immunoregulatory events involved in the human immune response to infection. T cells are thought to play a vital role in the pathogenesis of different forms of the disease. To identify predominant specific T cell subpopulations in leprosy lesions, the TCR-beta chain repertoire was simultaneously studied(More)
The objective of this study was to ascertain risk factors for complications (reactions or neuritis) in leprosy patients at the time of diagnosis in three leprosy-endemic countries. Newly diagnosed patients were enrolled in Brazil, the Philippines, and Nepal, and risk factors for reactions and neuritis were assessed using a case-control approach: "cases"(More)
Twelve patients were treated with three dose levels of minocycline for 30 days, primarily to detect the dose-related effects on Mycobacterium leprae viability, followed by another 5 months of daily minocycline for overall efficacy and persistence of clinical and antibacterial effects. Subsequently, the patients were given standard WHO/MDT chemotherapy for(More)