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We describe a patient with sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy and cranial neuropathy due to autopsy-proven neurolymphomatosis defined by infiltration of peripheral nerves by tumor cells and review the findings in 39 previously reported patients. The cause of the neuropathy is not known. The association with immune-deficient states suggests virally mediated(More)
We have evaluated a recurrence of Lhermitte-Duclos disease by immunohistochemistry for Purkinje cell markers and proliferative activity (proliferating cell nuclear antigen), by electron microscopy and for DNA ploidy (image analysis). While most of the abnormal neurons in the lesion appear to be derived from granule cells, several Purkinje cell specific(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that lymphoid tissues of mice and rats contain small numbers (less than 1 percent of nucleated cells) of dendritic cells (DC) with special cytologic, surface, and functional properties. We show here that similar DC represent 0.1-0.5 percent of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. DC can be enriched to 20-60 percent purity(More)
3C10 and 1D9 are two related monoclonal antibodies that specifically identify human mononuclear phagocytes in a large number of sites, including blood monocytes, alveolar macrophages, and macrophages in tissue sections of spleen, lymph node, and skin. The antigen persists on monocytes cultured for greater than 4 wk, but it is not found on giant cells. The(More)
We report on the characteristics of cells in the cutaneous lesions and blood of 21 patients with lepromatous, tuberculoid, and intermediate forms of leprosy. A large proportion of the infiltrates in lepromatous lesions consist of macrophages heavily parasitized with Mycobacterium leprae. The T cells in the lesions are devoid of OKT4/Leu 3a-positive(More)
Lesions of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) often have mononuclear cell infiltrates so intense that they obscure the nature of the lesion. This response may be especially prominent in stereotactic biopsies of contrast-enhancing areas. Of 10 consecutive PML lesions biopsied(More)
We report a 69-year-old female with cerebral and cerebellar symptomatology of 15-month duration. At autopsy, both panencephalopathic Creutzfeldt-Jakob and plaque-predominant Alzheimer diseases were found. Plaque amyloid was exclusively of the β/A4 type, but abundant abnormal protease-resistant protein was identified by Western blot analysis of brain(More)
Intracerebral involvement of Hodgkin's disease (HD) is rarely described, with only 42 cases in the literature. Since the outbreak of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, there has been an increasing number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV+) persons who have diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and, more recently, atypical(More)
Monocyte-specific monoclonal antibodies (7) were used to compare the efficacy of monocytes and dendritic cells as accessory or stimulator cells for human T cell replication. Both unfractionated and plastic-adherent mononuclear cells were first treated with a cytolytic antimonocyte antibody that kills greater than 95% of monocytes but not dendritic cells.(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome- (AIDS) related primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. Tumors from 16 patients with AIDS-related primary CNS lymphoma, and 1 with concurrent CNS and systemic lymphoma, were evaluated histologically and for the presence of EBV by(More)