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BACKGROUND Selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) are infection-prevention measures used in the treatment of some patients in intensive care, but reported effects on patient outcome are conflicting. METHODS We evaluated the effectiveness of SDD and SOD in a crossover study using cluster(More)
Background. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients used to die mainly from pulmonary problems. However, as advances in respiratory care increase life expectancy, mortality due to cardiomyopathy rises. Echocardiography remains the standard diagnostic modality for cardiomyopathy in DMD patients, but is hampered by scoliosis and poor echocardiographic(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in central venous pressure (CVP) rather than absolute values may be used to guide fluid therapy in critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. We conducted a study comparing the changes in the CVP produced by an increase in PEEP and stroke volume variation (SVV) as indicators of fluid responsiveness. Fluid responsiveness(More)
BACKGROUND The new concept of mini-extracorporeal circulation (MECC) for coronary artery bypass grafts (MCABG) consists of minimal priming volume, a heparin-coated closed circuit, a centrifugal pump, active drainage, blood cardioplegia and a cell-saving device. The potential organ protective effect of this technique during CABG is unknown. Initial clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improvements of the heart-lung machine (HLM), oxidative stress and subsequent damage to the alveolar capillary membrane still occur after conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CCABG) surgery. In an attempt to further improve the conventional HLM, a mini-extracorporeal circuit (MECC) was introduced. This new concept is based(More)
An imbalance between oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity is thought to play an important role in the development and progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To assess the lung oxidative status in patients with COPD, we studied whether exhaled hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is increased in breath condensate of patients with stable COPD(More)
BACKGROUND The routine use of neuromuscular blocking agents reduces the occurrence of unacceptable surgical conditions. In some surgeries, such as retroperitoneal laparoscopies, deep neuromuscular block (NMB) may further improve surgical conditions compared with moderate NMB. In this study, the effect of deep NMB on surgical conditions was assessed. (More)
AIMS In order to avoid the potential for elevated serum lipid levels as a consequence of long term sedation with propofol, a formulation of propofol 6% in Lipofundin(R) MCT/LCT 10% (Propofol 6% SAZN) has been developed. The pharmacokinetics, induction of anaesthesia and safety characteristics of this new formulation were investigated after bolus injection(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxidative stress and renal dysfunction occur in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump CABG). Whether the same adverse effects also occur during off-pump CABG is the question in this study. METHODS Forty patients, 27 men and 13 women, undergoing elective CABG were included; 20 patients underwent(More)
As oversedation is still common and significant variability between and within critically ill patients makes empiric dosing difficult, the population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol upon long-term use are characterized, particularly focused on the varying disease state as determinant of the effect. Twenty-six critically ill patients were(More)