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PURPOSE The frequent occurrence of ventricular tachycardia can create a serious problem in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. We assessed the long-term efficacy of catheter-based substrate modification using the voltage mapping technique of infarct-related ventricular tachycardia and recurrent device therapy. METHODS The study(More)
The substantial end-stage renal disease (ESRD) mortality rate reflects an older population, worsening comorbidity, and increased cardiovascular disease. Advance directives in ESRD may simplify issues such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and dialysis discontinuation. However, ESRD patients with advance directives may change their mind or allow(More)
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