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Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, or keratosis palmoplantaris with periodontopathia (PLS, MIM 245000), is an autosomal recessive disorder that is mainly ascertained by dentists because of the severe periodontitis that afflicts patients. Both the deciduous and permanent dentitions are affected, resulting in premature tooth loss. Palmoplantar keratosis, varying from(More)
Primary autosomal recessive microcephaly is a clinical diagnosis of exclusion in an individual with a head circumference >/=4 SDs below the expected age-and-sex mean. There is associated moderate mental retardation, and neuroimaging shows a small but structurally normal cerebral cortex. The inheritance pattern in the majority of cases is considered to be(More)
Cerebral palsy has an incidence of approximately 1/500 births, although this varies between different ethnic groups. Genetic forms of the disease account for approximately 1%-2% of cases in most countries but contribute a larger proportion in populations with extensive inbreeding. We have clinically characterized consanguineous families with multiple(More)
A gene encoding the precursor for a novel member of the human acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACD) gene family has been isolated which maps to human chromosome 11q25. The cDNA contains an open reading frame of 1248 nucleotides encoding a predicted 415-amino-acid peptide, and shares considerable sequence similarity with other members of the ACD family.
We describe a highly consanguineous family, originating from Pakistan, displaying histiocytosis, joint contractures, and sensorineural deafness. The form of histiocytosis exhibited by this family does not fit readily into any of the recognized classes of this disease. It appears to represent a novel form of familial histiocytosis demonstrating autosomal(More)
Autosomal recessive non-syndromal deafness is an extremely heterogeneous condition with at least 19 loci (DFNB1-19) already described. We have used autozygosity mapping to localise a further novel locus, DFNB20, to chromosome 11q25-qter in a consanguineous family originating from Pakistan. A region of homozygosity was observed in affected individuals(More)
Schwartz-Jampel syndrome (SJS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by the presence of myotonia with a mask-like face, skeletal dysplasia, and growth retardation. Two types have been defined by the age of manifestation of the symptoms. Linkage of Schwartz-Jampel syndrome to human chromosome 1p34-p36.1 has been shown in families where(More)
Non-syndromal, recessive deafness (NSRD) is the most common form of inherited deafness or hearing impairment in humans. NSRD is genetically heterogeneous and it has been estimated that as many as 35 different loci may be involved. We report the mapping of a novel locus for autosomal recessive, non-syndromal deafness (DFNB16) in three consanguineous families(More)
a mask-like face and skeletal dysplasia with growth retardation. Although rare, SchwartzJampel syndrome has been divided into two types defined by the age at manifestation of the symptoms. The first, classical type is usually observed in late infancy or childhood,'` while the second rarer and more severe form is apparent either at birth or during the(More)
The abundant and almost exclusive expression of OCP-II protein in the mammalian cochlea has fuelled speculation that mutations in the OCP2 gene may result in inherited forms of hearing impairment. We have identified several human sequences related to OCP2 and sublocalised three of these OCP2 related loci to 4q12-p14 or 4p16.2-pter, 5q15-q21.3 and 7p22-q22(More)
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