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Extrahepatic biliary stenosis can be caused by benign and malignant disorders. In most cases, a tissue diagnosis is needed for optimal management of patients, but the sensitivity of biliary cytology for the diagnosis of a malignancy is relatively low. The additional diagnostic value of K-ras mutational analysis of endobiliary brush cytology was assessed.(More)
BACKGROUND Basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum, member of the class Zygomycetes, order Entomophthorales, found worldwide. Usually basidiobolomycosis is a subcutaneous infection but rarely gastrointestinal manifestations have been described; 13 adults and 10 children and a few retroperitoneal or pulmonary cases. In(More)
AIMS To investigate the prevalence of K-ras codon 12 point mutations in ampullary neoplasms, to explore their clinical usefulness, and to test whether the detection of these mutations could be used to identify ampullary malignancies at an early stage. METHODS Forty one tumour specimens from 28 patients with ampullary neoplasms were analysed for activating(More)
Background: Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare disease, but is more frequent in AIDS patients. MCD has only been reported twice before in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplantation, and never in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy without transplantation. About half of the cases of MCD are human(More)
BACKGROUND Extrahepatic biliary stenosis (EBS) has malignant and benign causes. Patients with EBS are at risk of having or developing malignancy. Accurate diagnostic tests for early detection and surveillance are needed. The sensitivity of biliary cytology for malignancy is low. K-ras mutation analysis on brush cytology is a valuable adjunct, but(More)
Besides being one of the mechanisms responsible for ventilator-induced lung injury, atelectasis also seems to aggravate the course of experimental pneumonia. In this study, we examined the effect of reducing the degree of atelectasis by natural modified surfactant and/or open lung ventilation on bacterial growth and translocation in a piglet model of Group(More)
Microarray-based expression profiling studies of lung adenocarcinomas have defined neuroendocrine subclasses with poor prognosis. As neuroendocrine development is regulated by members of the achaete-scute and atonal classes of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors, we analyzed lung tumors for expression of these factors. Out of 13 bHLH genes(More)
The histological, immunophenotypic and clinical features of 19 primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphomas (cutaneous ALCL) were compared with those of 18 primary nodal anaplastic large cell lymphomas (nodal ALCL) of T-cell or null cell type. Although cutaneous ALCL and nodal ALCL had identical morphological features, differences in surface marker(More)
It can be difficult to distinguish between malignant and benign disease of the region of the head of the pancreas using conventional methods. K-ras and p53 alterations occur frequently in malignancies in this region and are therefore candidate tumour markers. To define the utility of these alterations in interpreting pancreatic head cytology, the present(More)
The authors reviewed 28 primary noncutaneous T-cell lymphomas, referred to the Comprehensive Cancer Center Amsterdam, using the updated Kiel classification. Clinical course was related with stage of disease, morphologic subtype, and immunophenotype of the tumor cells. The incidence of primary noncutaneous T-cell lymphomas was 4.1 cases per 1,000,000 people(More)