• Publications
  • Influence
Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth
We estimate the effect of broadband infrastructure, which enables high-speed internet, on economic growth in the panel of OECD countries in 1996-2007. Our instrumental variable model derives itsExpand
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Do better schools lead to more growth? Cognitive skills, economic outcomes, and causation
We develop a new metric for the distribution of educational achievement across countries that can further track the cognitive skill distribution within countries and over time. Cross-country growthExpand
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Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History
Max Weber attributed the higher economic prosperity of Protestantregions to a Protestant work ethic. We provide an alternative theory: Protestant economies prospered because instruction in readingExpand
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The role of cognitive skills in economic development
The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. ThisExpand
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Returns to Skills Around the World: Evidence from PIAAC
Existing estimates of the labor-market returns to human capital give a distorted picture of the role of skills across different economies. International comparisons of earnings analyses rely almostExpand
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The Empire is Dead, Long Live the Empire! Long�?Run Persistence of Trust and Corruption in the Bureaucracy
We hypothesise that the Habsburg Empire with its well�?respected administration increased citizens’ trust in local public services. In several Eastern European countries, communities on both sides ofExpand
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Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity
We provide a measure of equality of educational opportunity in 54 countries, estimated as the effect of family background on student performance in two international TIMSS tests. We then show howExpand
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General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes Over the Life-Cycle
Policy debates about the balance of vocational and general education programs focus on the school-to-work transition. But with rapid technological change, gains in youth employment from vocationalExpand
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The Role of Education Quality for Economic Growth
The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. ThisExpand
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The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement
An emerging economic literature over the past decade has made use of international tests of educational achievement to analyze the determinants and impacts of cognitive skills. The cross-countryExpand
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