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Maximizing postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis: carbohydrate supplementation and the application of amino acid or protein hydrolysate mixtures.
BACKGROUND Postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis is an important factor in determining the time needed to recover from prolonged exercise. OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether an increase inExpand
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Nitrate supplementation's improvement of 10-km time-trial performance in trained cyclists.
Six days of dietary nitrate supplementation in the form of beetroot juice (~0.5 L/d) has been reported to reduce pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO₂) during submaximal exercise and increase tolerance ofExpand
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Protein supplementation augments the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to resistance-type exercise training: a meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Protein ingestion after a single bout of resistance-type exercise stimulates net muscle protein accretion during acute postexercise recovery. Consequently, it is generally accepted thatExpand
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Whey protein stimulates postprandial muscle protein accretion more effectively than do casein and casein hydrolysate in older men.
BACKGROUND Sarcopenia has been attributed to a diminished muscle protein synthetic response to food intake. Differences in digestion and absorption kinetics of dietary protein, its amino acidExpand
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Protein supplementation increases muscle mass gain during prolonged resistance-type exercise training in frail elderly people: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
OBJECTIVES Protein supplementation has been proposed as an effective dietary strategy to augment the skeletal muscle adaptive response to prolonged resistance-type exercise training in elderlyExpand
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Long-term leucine supplementation does not increase muscle mass or strength in healthy elderly men.
BACKGROUND It has been reported that the blunted muscle protein synthetic response to food intake in the elderly can be normalized by increasing the leucine content of a meal. OBJECTIVE TheExpand
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Plasma insulin responses after ingestion of different amino acid or protein mixtures with carbohydrate.
BACKGROUND Protein induces an increase in insulin concentrations when ingested in combination with carbohydrate. Increases in plasma insulin concentrations have been observed after the infusion ofExpand
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Cinnamon supplementation does not improve glycemic control in postmenopausal type 2 diabetes patients.
In vitro and in vivo animal studies have reported strong insulin-like or insulin-potentiating effects after cinnamon administration. Recently, a human intervention study showed that cinnamonExpand
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Addition of protein and amino acids to carbohydrates does not enhance postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis.
Ingestion of a protein-amino acid mixture (Pro; wheat protein hydrolysate, leucine, and phenylalanine) in combination with carbohydrate (CHO; 0.8 g x kg(-1) x h(-1)) has been shown to increase muscleExpand
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Protein supplementation improves physical performance in frail elderly people: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
OBJECTIVES Protein supplementation has been proposed as an effective dietary strategy to increase skeletal muscle mass and improve physical performance in frail elderly people. Our objective was toExpand
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