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Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
TLDR
The global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013 is estimated using a spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression model to estimate prevalence with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs).
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global
TLDR
The results can guide future health initiatives through examination of epidemiological trends and a better understanding of variation across countries.
The Impact of Obesity on Health Service Utilization and Costs in Childhood
TLDR
Increased costs and utilization were concentrated among adolescents, though 6–11‐year‐old children who were obese in both years did have more outpatient visits and expenditures than other children, and the immediate economic consequences of childhood obesity are much greater than previously realized.
Public Health and Economic Consequences of Methyl Mercury Toxicity to the Developing Brain
TLDR
It is found that between 316,588 and 637,233 children each year have cord blood mercury levels > 5.8 μg/L, a level associated with loss of IQ, and the resulting loss of intelligence causes diminished economic productivity that persists over the entire lifetime of these children.
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic
TLDR
The challenge for governments and the health development community more broadly is to heed knowledge about the comparative effect of health risks, according to the World Health Organization.
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factor study 2013 is the first of a series of annual updates of the GBD and six new risk factors have been added: handwashing practices, occupational exposure to trichloroethylene, childhood wasting, childhood stunting, unsafe sex, and low glomerular filtration rate.
Association between urinary bisphenol A concentration and obesity prevalence in children and adolescents.
TLDR
Urinary BPA concentration was significantly associated with obesity in this cross-sectional study of children and adolescents and could not rule out the possibility that obese children ingest food with higher BPA content or have greater adipose stores of BPA.
Infant antibiotic exposures and early-life body mass
TLDR
Exposure to antibiotics during the first 6 months of life is associated with consistent increases in body mass from 10 to 38 months, and further studies are needed to isolate effects and define life-course implications for body mass and cardiovascular risks.
The role of air pollution in asthma and other pediatric morbidities.
TLDR
The biologic basis of children's unique vulnerability to highly prevalent outdoor air pollutants is reviewed, with a special focus on ozone, respirable particulate matter, lead, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides.
Race/Ethnicity–Specific Associations of Urinary Phthalates with Childhood Body Mass in a Nationally Representative Sample
TLDR
A race/ethnicity–specific association of phthalates with childhood obesity in a nationally representative sample is identified and further study is needed to corroborate the association and evaluate genetic/epigenomic predisposition and/or increased phthalate exposure as possible explanations for differences among racial/ethnic subgroups.
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