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Towards a unified paradigm for sequence‐based identification of fungi
TLDR
All fungal species represented by at least two ITS sequences in the international nucleotide sequence databases are now given a unique, stable name of the accession number type, and the term ‘species hypothesis’ (SH) is introduced for the taxa discovered in clustering on different similarity thresholds.
Global diversity and geography of soil fungi
TLDR
Diversity of most fungal groups peaked in tropical ecosystems, but ectomycorrhizal fungi and several fungal classes were most diverse in temperate or boreal ecosystems, and manyfungal groups exhibited distinct preferences for specific edaphic conditions (such as pH, calcium, or phosphorus).
UNITE: a database providing web-based methods for the molecular identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi.
TLDR
The UNITE database, an open-access database dedicated to the reliable identification of ECM fungi, comprises well annotated fungal ITS sequences from well defined herbarium specimens that include full her barium reference identification data, collector/source and ecological data.
Ectomycorrhizal lifestyle in fungi: global diversity, distribution, and evolution of phylogenetic lineages
TLDR
In conclusion, EcM fungi are phylogenetically highly diverse, and molecular surveys particularly in tropical and south temperate habitats are likely to supplement to the present figures.
The UNITE database for molecular identification of fungi: handling dark taxa and parallel taxonomic classifications
TLDR
UNITE is a web-based database and sequence management environment for the molecular identification of fungi that targets the formal fungal barcode—the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region—and offers all public fungal ITS sequences for reference.
Fungal community analysis by high-throughput sequencing of amplified markers – a user's guide
TLDR
Taking advantage of the collective experience of six research groups, the different stages involved in fungal community analysis are reviewed, from field sampling via laboratory procedures to bioinformatics and data interpretation, and potential pitfalls, alternatives, and solutions are discussed.
Fine scale distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi and roots across substrate layers including coarse woody debris in a mixed forest.
TLDR
Ectomycorrhizal fungi occupy different niches and show variable distribution patterns, and CWD plays an important role as a habitat both for roots and ECM fungi.
Strong host preference of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Tasmanian wet sclerophyll forest as revealed by DNA barcoding and taxon-specific primers.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that strongly host-preferring, though not directly specific, ECM fungi may dominate the below-ground community, similar to that in the Holarctic realm.
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