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Outcome criteria in smoking cessation trials: proposal for a common standard.
Smoking cessation treatment is now integrated into many health-care systems and a major research effort is under way to improve current success rates. Until now results from randomized clinicalExpand
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Antidepressants for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND There are at least two theoretical reasons to believe antidepressants might help in smoking cessation. Nicotine withdrawal may produce depressive symptoms or precipitate a major depressiveExpand
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Interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients.
BACKGROUND An admission to hospital provides an opportunity to help people stop smoking. Individuals may be more open to help at a time of perceived vulnerability, and may find it easier to quit inExpand
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Self-help interventions for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND Many smokers give up smoking on their own, but materials giving advice and information may help them and increase the number who quit successfully. OBJECTIVES The aims of this reviewExpand
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Nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND Nicotine receptor partial agonists may help people to stop smoking by a combination of maintaining moderate levels of dopamine to counteract withdrawal symptoms (acting as an agonist) andExpand
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Antidepressants for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND There are two reasons to believe antidepressants might help in smoking cessation. First, depression may be a symptom of nicotine withdrawal, and smoking cessation sometimes precipitatesExpand
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Telephone counselling for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND Telephone services can provide information and support for smokers. Counselling may be provided proactively or offered reactively to callers to smoking cessation helplines. OBJECTIVES ToExpand
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Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation.
BACKGROUND Group therapy offers individuals the opportunity to learn behavioural techniques for smoking cessation, and to provide each other with mutual support. OBJECTIVES The aims of this reviewExpand
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Effectiveness of interventions to help people stop smoking: findings from the Cochrane Library
Peto estimates that current cigarette smoking will cause about 450 million deaths worldwide in the next 50 years. Reducing current smoking by 50% would avoid 20–30 million premature deaths in theExpand
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Smoking cessation interventions for hospitalized smokers: a systematic review.
BACKGROUND A hospital admission provides an opportunity to help people stop smoking. Providing smoking cessation advice, counseling, or medication is now a quality-of-care measure for US hospitals.Expand
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