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Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation.
TLDR
All of the commercially available forms of NRT (nicotine gum, transdermal patch, the nicotine nasal spray, nicotine inhaler and nicotine sublingual tablets) are effective as part of a strategy to promote smoking cessation and they increase quit rates approximately 1.5 to 2 fold regardless of setting.
Outcome criteria in smoking cessation trials: proposal for a common standard.
TLDR
Six standard criteria comprising the 'Russell Standard' (RS) are proposed and it is believed that these criteria provide the best compromise between practicability and surrogacy for long-term cessation and will enable meaningful comparison between studies.
Physician advice for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There was insufficient evidence, from indirect comparisons, to establish a significant difference in the effectiveness of physician advice according to the intensity of the intervention, the amount of follow up provided, and whether or not various aids were used at the time of the consultation in addition to providing advice.
Antidepressants for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There is insufficient evidence that adding bupropion or nortriptyline to nicotine replacement therapy provides an additional long-term benefit, and the antidepressants buPropion and nortriptYline appear to be equally effective and of similar efficacy to Nicotine replacement therapy.
Antidepressants for smoking cessation.
TLDR
Some antidepressants (bupropion and nortriptyline) can aid smoking cessation, but it is not clear whether these effects are specific for individual drugs, or a class effect.
Self-help interventions for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There is evidence that materials that are tailored for individual smokers are effective, and are more effective than untailored materials, although the absolute size of effect is still small, and that tailored materials as more helpful than standard materials are supported.
Interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients.
TLDR
Although the interventions increased quit rates irrespective of whether nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was used, the results for NRT were compatible with other data indicating that it increases quit rates.
Nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation.
TLDR
The main outcome measured was abstinence from smoking after at least six months from the beginning of treatment, and the most rigorous definition of abstinence was abstinence, and preferred biochemically validated rates where they were reported.
Telephone counselling for smoking cessation.
TLDR
Proactive telephone counselling helps smokers interested in quitting and there is evidence of a dose response; one or two brief calls are less likely to provide a measurable benefit and three or more calls increases the odds of quitting.
Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There is evidence that groups are better than self-help, and other less intensive interventions, and there is not enough evidence on their effectiveness compared to intensive individual counselling.
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