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Memory and the hippocampus: a synthesis from findings with rats, monkeys, and humans.
- L. Squire
- Biology, PsychologyPsychology Review
- 30 March 1992
The role of the hippocampus is considered, which is needed temporarily to bind together distributed sites in neocortex that together represent a whole memory.
The medial temporal lobe.
This analysis draws on studies of human memory impairment and animal models of memory impairment, as well as neurophysiological and neuroimaging data, to show that this system is principally concerned with memory and operates with neocortex to establish and maintain long-term memory.
Memory systems of the brain: A brief history and current perspective
- L. Squire
- Biology, PsychologyNeurobiology of Learning and Memory
- 1 November 2004
A Neostriatal Habit Learning System in Humans
This double dissociation shows that the limbic-diencephalic regions damaged in amnesia and the neostriatum damaged in Parkinson's disease support separate and parallel learning systems.
Retrograde amnesia and memory consolidation: a neurobiological perspective
Recognition memory and the medial temporal lobe: a new perspective
The methods traditionally used to separate recollection from familiarity instead separate strong memories from weak memories, and it is suggested that these structures work together in a cooperative and complementary way.
Declarative and Nondeclarative Memory: Multiple Brain Systems Supporting Learning and Memory
- L. Squire
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- 1 July 1992
A brain-systems framework for understanding memory phenomena is developed in light of lesion studies involving rats, monkeys, and humans, as well as recent studies with normal humans using the divided visual field technique, event-related potentials, and positron emission tomography (PET).
Structure and function of declarative and nondeclarative memory systems.
- L. Squire, S. Zola
- Biology, PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 26 November 1996
The capacity for nondeclarative (nonconscious) learning can now be studied in a broad array of tasks that assess classification learning, perceptuomotor skill learning, artificial grammar learning, and prototype abstraction.
Protein synthesis and memory: a review.
Probabilistic classification learning in amnesia.
- B. Knowlton, L. Squire, M. Gluck
- Psychology, BiologyLearning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)
- 1 July 1994
Declarative memory does appear to make a contribution to performance when training is extended beyond approximately 50 trials, because with further training control subjects eventually outperformed the amnesic patients.