• Publications
  • Influence
Defiance, Deterrence, and Irrelevance: A Theory of the Criminal Sanction
Increasing evidence shows great diversity in the effects of the criminal sanction. Legal punishment either reduces, increases, or has no effect on future crimes, depending on the type of offenders,Expand
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Do fair procedures matter? The effect of procedural justice on spouse assault.
In a reanalysis of the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment, the authors examine whether the use of fair procedures on the part of police officers called to the scene of a domestic assault inhibitsExpand
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Restorative justice: the evidence
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Policing for crime prevention
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Reintegrative Shaming, Procedural Justice, and Recidivism: The Engagement of Offenders' Psychological Mechanisms in the Canberra RISE Drinking‐and‐Driving Experiment
Advocates of restorative justice (RJ) hypothesize that the diversion of criminal cases to RJ conferences should be more effective in lowering the rate of reoffending than traditional prosecution inExpand
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Victim Evaluations of Face-to-Face Restorative Justice Conferences: A Quasi-Experimental Analysis
One major goal of face-to-face restorative justice (RJ) is to help heal the psychological harm suffered by crime victims (Braithwaite, 2002). Substantial evidence from randomized controlled trialsExpand
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Crime, punishment, and stake in conformity: Legal and informal control of domestic violence.
Deterrence theories and labeling theories offer inconsistent predictions about the relative impact of legal and informal controls on the subsequent criminal activities of arrested persons. In aExpand
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Forecasting murder within a population of probationers and parolees: a high stakes application of statistical learning
Forecasts of future dangerousness are often used to inform the sentencing decisions of convicted offenders. For individuals who are sentenced to probation or paroled to community supervision, suchExpand
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The Cambridge Crime Harm Index: Measuring Total Harm from Crime Based on Sentencing Guidelines
The logic of simply summing crimes of all kind into a single total has long been challenged as misleading. All crimes are not created equal. Counting them as if they are fosters distortion of riskExpand
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Improving cognitive development of low-birth-weight premature infants with the COPE program: a pilot study of the benefit of early NICU intervention with mothers.
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-focused intervention program (COPE) on infant cognitive development and maternal coping. A randomized clinical trial wasExpand
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