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The reproductive behavior of Anthidium manicatum (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) and the significance of size for territorial males
SummaryMales of the wool-carder bee, Anthidium manicatum, patrol clumps of garden plants. Females of this species visit these plants for pollen, nectar, and pubescence; they also mate there. Females
Horizontal and elevational phylogeographic patterns of Himalayan and Southeast Asian forest passerines (Aves: Passeriformes)
Aim  Zoogeographic patterns in the Himalayas and their neighbouring Southeast Asian mountain ranges include elevational parapatry and ecological segregation, particularly among passerine bird
Prayer animal release in Taiwan
TLDR
Education programs targeted at specific social groups are needed to reduce the extent of ceremonial animal releases and proper regulation of international wild animal trade is also needed to curtail the spread of exotic animals in Taiwan and other countries in the region.
The Spider Family Theridiidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Orchid Island, Taiwan: Descriptions of Six New and One Newly Recorded Species
TLDR
The external morphology of these 7 new/new record species are described and the synonymies and distribution records of the other 10 theridiid species are reported.
Simultaneous detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease and avian influenza viruses using oligonucleotide microarrays.
TLDR
A fast, simultaneous and inexpensive approach to the detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and avian influenza virus (AIV) using oligonucleotide microarrays, which may provide potential for rapid surveillance and differential diagnosis of these two important zoonoses in both wild and domestic birds.
Isolation and characterization of microsatellite DNA markers from the Lanyu scops owl (Otus elegans botelensis)
TLDR
From a genomic library enriched for GATA/CTAT and GAAA/CTTT repeats, 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed for the Lanyu scops owl and all loci conformed to Hardy–Weinberg expectations.
Microsatellite Loci from Lanyu Scops Owl (Otus elegans botelensis) and their Cross-Species Application in Four Species of Strigidae
TLDR
Six new microsatellite markers containing tetranucleotide repeat motifs (GATA/CTAT) for Lanyu scops owl (Otus elegans botelensis) from an enriched partial library are developed and should be very useful genetic markers in studying the mating system, population genetics, and conservation of other little studied Old World Otus owls.
Geographic Variation of the Highly Complex Hwamei (Garrulax canorus) Songs
TLDR
Mainland HwAMEi songs were more complex than Taiwan Hwamei songs, containing significantly more syllable types, more variations in syllable changes, larger syntactic combinations, and fewer repeated syllables per song.
The Reproductive Behaviour and Mate Choice of the Fiddler Crab (Uca Lactea Lactea) in Mid-Taiwan
TLDR
The prominent display equipment, the major cheliped, and the conspicuous lateral waving as courtship behaviour were not essential to a male's mating success, while stroking at a female's burrow entrance was, while male body size seems important in determining whether intruders can be expelled successfully.
The Taiwan Firecrest (Regulus goodfellowi) belongs to the Goldcrest assemblage (Regulus regulus s. l.): evidence from mitochondrial DNA and the territorial song of the Regulidae
TLDR
All results from molecular and acoustic analysis justify the species rank of the Taiwan endemic species and suggest that it is only distantly related to the firecrest clade.
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