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Two-year survey of etiologic agents of diarrheal disease at San Lazaro Hospital, Manila, Republic of the Philippines.
TLDR
Rotavirus infection occurred in both children and adults throughout the year and was the most frequently identified cause of diarrhea in children under 5 years of age. Expand
Increased recovery of enteric pathogens by use of both stool and rectal swab specimens.
TLDR
During 1984, the recovery of enteric pathogens from patients with acute diarrhea was enhanced by the use of both rectal swab and stool specimens, and almost 50% of the organisms recovered were detected by only one method. Expand
Three-day treatment of typhoid fever with two different doses of ceftriaxone, compared to 14-day therapy with chloramphenicol: a randomized trial.
TLDR
This study suggests that a short treatment of three days of typhoid fever with ceftriaxone (3 or 4 g once daily) is adequate and not hazardous as far as relapses are concerned. Expand
Pivmecillinam, co-trimoxazole and oral mecillinam in gastroenteritis due to Vibrio spp.
TLDR
Treatment with antibiotics proved significantly superior to rehydration alone in 42 children and active therapy also had a statistically beneficial effect in children infected with Vibrio cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus. Expand
Diagnostic value of a single, pre-treatment Widal test in suspected enteric fever cases in the Philippines.
TLDR
The data indicate that a single pretreatment Widal test in suspected enteric fever cases is of definite diagnostic value, but that the results must be interpreted with caution and foreknowledge of the test's shortcomings and limitations. Expand
Comparative study of three blood culture systems for isolation of enteric fever Salmonella.
TLDR
Analysis of the isolation rates of the 97 Salmonella-positive specimens showed that BILE-BLOOD was significantly more sensitive than either TSB-SPS or BILE -CLOTS, and that the latter two were not significantly different. Expand
Evaluation of sodium polyanethanol sulfonate as a blood culture additive for recovery of Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi A.
TLDR
The data indicate that SPS aids in early recovery of S. typhi and S. paratyphi A from blood cultures, and additionally, that under the conditions used in the study, incubation beyond a 1-week period is required for efficient isolation of these organisms from blood. Expand
Detection of heat-labile enterotoxin-like activity in stools of patients with cholera and Escherichia coli diarrhea.
TLDR
The Y1 adrenal cell assay provides a rapid method of diagnosing heat-labile enterotoxigenic diarrhea and could be an adjunct in epidemiological studies of gastroenteritis. Expand
A double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of ribavirin in the treatment of acute measles.
TLDR
Treatment of measles patients with ribavirin resulted in shorter and less severe disease, as well as fewer complications, compared with patients in the placebo, group, and Ribavirin was well tolerated. Expand
Oral streptomycin in the treatment of cholera.
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