• Publications
  • Influence
Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: the costs and benefits of counterstereotypical impression management.
  • L. Rudman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1998
Three experiments tested and extended recent theory regarding motivational influences on impression formation in the context of an impression management dilemma that women face: Self-promotion may be instrumental for managing a competent impression, yet women who self-promote may suffer social reprisals for violating gender prescriptions to be modest. Expand
A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept.
The balanced identity design is introduced as a method to test correlational predictions of the theory and revealed that predicted consistency patterns were strongly apparent in the data for implicit (IAT) measures but not in those for parallel explicit (self-report) measures. Expand
Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash Toward Agentic Women
In an experiment, job description and applicants' attributes were examined as moderators of the backlash effect, the negative evaluation of agentic women for violating prescriptions of feminineExpand
Status incongruity and backlash effects: Defending the gender hierarchy motivates prejudice against female leaders.
article i nfo Backlash effect Sex discrimination Gender stereotype Gender prejudice System justification theory Impression management Agentic female leaders risk social and economic penalties forExpand
Feminized management and backlash toward agentic women: the hidden costs to women of a kinder, gentler image of middle managers.
  • L. Rudman, P. Glick
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 November 1999
Women must present themselves as agentic to be hireable, but may therefore be seen as interpersonally deficient, and Ironically, the feminization of management may legitimize discrimination against competent, agentic women. Expand
Sources of Implicit Attitudes
Response latency measures have yielded an explosion of interest in implicit attitudes. Less forthcoming have been theoretical explanations for why they often differ from explicit (self-reported)Expand
A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept.
This theoretical integration of social psychology's main cognitive and affective constructs was shaped by 3 influences: (a) recent widespread interest in automatic and implicit cognition, (b)Expand
Reactions to counterstereotypic behavior: the role of backlash in cultural stereotype maintenance.
A model of the role of backlash in cultural stereotype maintenance from the standpoint of both perceivers and actors shows that gender deviants who feared backlash resorted to strategies designed to avoid it, suggesting that backlash rewards perceivers psychologically. Expand
Everyday Stranger Harassment and Women’s Objectification
The present research suggests that stranger harassment (i.e., experiencing unwanted sexual attention from strangers in public) is a frequent experience for young adult women, and that it has negativeExpand
Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Female Authority
Attitudes toward female authority and their relationship to gender beliefs were examined using implicit and explicit measures of each. Implicit attitudes covaried with implicit gender authorityExpand