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A parametric analysis of olanzapine-induced weight gain in female rats
RationaleSome novel antipsychotics, including olanzapine, induce weight gain and metabolic abnormalities, which represent the major adverse effects of these drugs. However, the mechanism(s) involvedExpand
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Effects of olanzapine in male rats: enhanced adiposity in the absence of hyperphagia, weight gain or metabolic abnormalities
Many of olanzapine's (OLZ) actions in humans related to weight regulation can be modelled in female rats (Cooper et al., 2005). Such effects include weight gain, hyperphagia, enhanced visceralExpand
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Therapeutic index for rosiglitazone in dietary obese rats: separation of efficacy and haemodilution
The blood glucose‐lowering efficacy of rosiglitazone (RSG) and the mechanisms of associated weight gain were determined in dietary obese rats (DIOs). DIO and chow‐fed rats received RSG 0.3–30 mg kg−1Expand
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Dietary obesity in the rat induces endothelial dysfunction without causing insulin resistance: a possible role for triacylglycerols.
Impaired arterial vasorelaxation, due primarily to endothelial dysfunction, is associated with obesity. To clarify the relationship with insulin resistance and other metabolic disturbances, weExpand
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Hyperphagia in cold-exposed rats is accompanied by decreased plasma leptin but unchanged hypothalamic NPY.
Chronic cold exposure stimulates sympathetically driven thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), resulting in fat mobilization, weight loss, and compensatory hyperphagia. HypothalamicExpand
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Interactions Between Leptin and Hypothalamic Neuropeptide Y Neurons in the Control of Food Intake and Energy Homeostasis in the Rat
Leptin acts on the brain to inhibit feeding, increase thermogenesis, and decrease body weight. Neuropeptide Y (NPY)-ergic neurons of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) that project to theExpand
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The serotonergic agent fluoxetine reduces neuropeptide y levels and neuropeptide y secretion in the hypothalamus of lean and obese rats
Evidence suggests that serotonin and neuropeptide Y neurons in the hypothalamus, which respectively inhibit and stimulate food intake, may interact to control energy homoeostasis. We thereforeExpand
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Murine PGK‐1 promoter drives widespread but not uniform expression in transgenic mice
Pgk‐1 is an X‐linked gene encoding 3‐phosphoglycerate kinase, an enzyme necessary in every cell for glycolysis. The regulatory sequences of the Pgk‐1 gene were used to drive the E. coli lacZ reporterExpand
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Hyperphagia in cold-exposed rats is accompanied by decreased plasma leptin but unchanged hypothalamic NPY.
Chronic cold exposure stimulates sympathetically driven thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), resulting in fat mobilization, weight loss, and compensatory hyperphagia. HypothalamicExpand
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The dual PPARalpha/gamma agonist, ragaglitazar, improves insulin sensitivity and metabolic profile equally with pioglitazone in diabetic and dietary obese ZDF rats.
In 6- and 10-week-old obesity-prone (fa/fa) Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, effects of prevention and intervention therapies, respectively, were compared between PPARalpha/gamma agonist,Expand
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