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Tick-borne encephalitis virus - a review of an emerging zoonosis.
During the last 30 years, there has been a continued increase in human cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Europe, a disease caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). TBEV is endemic inExpand
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Transplacental transmission of Theileria equi in two foals born and reared in the United Kingdom
References BAKER, 1.. A. & CANIPBELL, P. A. 1978) Listet-itl 1iryl0Cyt0gcncs cell walls iiiduLce deci-eased resistance to iilfection. lifc'ctioiiiatl Ititiiiiiiitt,y 20, 99-107 ClIll IAY'A, Y.,Expand
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Louping ill virus: an endemic tick-borne disease of Great Britain.
In Europe and Asia, Ixodid ticks transmit tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), a flavivirus that causes severe encephalitis in humans but appears to show no virulence for livestock and wildlife. InExpand
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Genetic subtyping of influenza A viruses using RT-PCR with a single set of primers based on conserved sequences within the HA2 coding region.
Influenza A viruses are subtyped conventionally according to the antigenic characteristics of the external glycoproteins, haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). To date 15 HA and 9 NA subtypesExpand
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Emerging Tick-Borne Viruses in the Twenty-First Century
Ticks, as a group, are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of pathogens to humans and are the primary vector for pathogens of livestock, companion animals, and wildlife. The role of ticks in theExpand
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The use of enzyme linked immunosorbent assays to investigate the prevalence of Trypanosoma equiperdum in Ethiopian horses.
A field study involving 309 horses was undertaken in the provinces of Arsi and Bale in the Ethiopian highlands to investigate the prevalence of Trypanosoma equiperdum infections using enzyme linkedExpand
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Assessment of a novel real-time pan-flavivirus RT-polymerase chain reaction.
Outbreaks of West Nile virus (WNV) have occurred intermittently in regions around the Mediterranean coast, and the virus may have become established in Northern Italy and Romania, with reportedExpand
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The effect of climate change on the occurrence and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain: a review
There is strong evidence to suggest that climate change has, and will continue to affect the occurrence, distribution and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain (GB). This paper reviewsExpand
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Detection of Theileria luwenshuni in sheep from Great Britain
BackgroundTheileria spp. are tick-borne protozoan parasites of the Phylum Apicomplexa, Order Piroplasmida that infect a wide range of wild and domestic animals. In Great Britain, Theileria spp. haveExpand
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Epidemiological perspectives on West Nile virus surveillance in wild birds in Great Britain.
West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic arthropod-borne pathogen with continued geographical expansion in Europe. We present and evaluate data on the temporal, spatial and bird species focus of the WNVExpand
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