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Beyond global sociosexual orientations: a more differentiated look at sociosexuality and its effects on courtship and romantic relationships.
3 theoretically meaningful components of sociosexuality are established: past behavioral experiences, the attitude toward uncommitted sex, and soci homosexual desire (all measured by a revised version of the Sociosexual Orientation Inventory): within couples, the 3 components showed distinct degrees of assortative mating and distinct effects on the romantic partner.
The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
Genetics and brain imaging studies have identified differences in brain pathways, especially parieto-frontal pathways, that contribute to intelligence differences, and there is also evidence that brain efficiency correlates positively with intelligence.
Age-associated cognitive decline.
Age-associated cognitive decline-or normal (non-pathological, normative, usual) cognitive ageing-is an important human experience which differs in extent between individuals, and factors affecting general bodily ageing also influence cognitive functions in old age.
The evolutionary genetics of personality
A general model of heritable personality differences is proposed that conceptualises intelligence as fitness components and personality traits as individual reaction norms of genotypes across environments, with different fitness consequences in different environmental niches.
Motivational individual reaction norms underlying the Five-Factor model of personality: First steps towards a theory-based conceptual framework
A General Factor of Brain White Matter Integrity Predicts Information Processing Speed in Healthy Older People
Novel findings show that a substantial amount of variance in white matter integrity is shared between different tracts, and impaired cortical connection is substantially a global process affecting various major tracts simultaneously.
The effects of weather on daily mood: a multilevel approach.
- Jaap J. A. Denissen, L. Butalid, L. Penke, M. V. van Aken
- Environmental Science, PsychologyEmotion
The results revealed main effects of temperature, wind power, and sunlight on negative affect and individual differences in weather sensitivity could not be explained by the Five Factor Model personality traits, gender, or age.
Different cognitive processes underlie human mate choices and mate preferences
- P. Todd, L. Penke, B. Fasolo, A. Lenton
- PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 18 September 2007
In a study of 46 adults participating in a speed-dating event, it was found that the stated preferences did not predict actual choices made during the speed-dates, and men chose women based on their physical attractiveness, whereas women, who were generally much more discriminating than men, chose men whose overall desirability as a mate matched the women's self-perceived physical attractiveness.
Correlated preferences for facial masculinity and ideal or actual partner's masculinity
- L. DeBruine, B. Jones, Bernard Paul Tiddeman
- PsychologyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 June 2006
It is shown that women's preferences for masculinity manipulated in male faces using techniques similar to the three most widely used methods are positively inter-related and positively related to ratings of the masculinity of their actual partner and their ideal partner.
PERSOC: A Unified Framework for Understanding the Dynamic Interplay of Personality and Social Relationships
The interplay of personality and social relationships is as fascinating as it is complex and it pertains to a wide array of largely separate research domains. Here, we present an integrative and…