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Impact of folic acid fortification of the US food supply on the occurrence of neural tube defects.
A 19% reduction in NTD birth prevalence occurred following folic acid fortification of the US food supply, however, factors other than fortification may have contributed to this decline.
Child Maltreatment Surveillance: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements
Patterns of abuse among unintentional pharmaceutical overdose fatalities.
The majority of overdose deaths in West Virginia in 2006 were associated with nonmedical use and diversion of pharmaceuticals, primarily opioid analgesics.
Prescription drug overdoses: a review.
- L. Paulozzi
- MedicineJournal of safety research
- 1 September 2012
International trends in rates of hypospadias and cryptorchidism.
- L. Paulozzi
- MedicineEnvironmental health perspectives
- 1 April 1999
This study examines more recent data from a larger number of countries participating in the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems to address the questions of whether such increases are worldwide and continuing and whether there are geographic patterns to any observed increases.
Vital signs: overdoses of prescription opioid pain relievers---United States, 1999--2008.
- L. Paulozzi, Christopher M. Jones, K. Mack, R. Rudd
- Medicine, Political ScienceMMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
Wide variation among states in the nonmedical use of OPR and overdose rates cannot be explained by underlying demographic differences in state populations but is related to wide variations in OPR prescribing.
Increasing deaths from opioid analgesics in the United States
A dramatic increase in poisoning mortality rates is documented and the use of opioid analgesics has increased markedly as part of more aggressive pain management nationwide and this study compared it to sales of opioids nationwide.
School-associated violent deaths in the United States, 1994-1999.
Although school-associated violent deaths remain rare events, they have occurred often enough to allow for the detection of patterns and the identification of potential risk factors.
Prescription drug monitoring programs and death rates from drug overdose.
While PDMPs are potentially an important tool to prevent the nonmedical use of prescribed controlled substances, their impact is not reflected in drug overdose mortality rates and their effect on overall consumption of opioids appears to be minimal.
Family history, maternal smoking, and clubfoot: an indication of a gene-environment interaction.
The importance of familial factors and smoking in the etiology of clubfoot is confirmed and a potentially important interaction is identified that is higher than would be expected under either an additive or a multiplicative model of interaction.