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Further evidence for an association between non–insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus and chronic hepatitis C virus infection
TLDR
Fasting insulin levels in 30 patients with HCV‐related cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus were elevated significantly, which was consistent with insulin resistance, however, acute insulin responsiveness was reduced in all patients withHCV infection and diabetes suggesting concomitant B‐cell dysfunction.
Prevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in severe refractory ulcerative and Crohn's colitis
TLDR
Rectal biopsy should always be performed in severe steroid-resistant colitis, as cytomegalovirus infection is a frequent cause of severe refractory colitis.
Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
This systematic review of RCTs on HCC indicates that the non-surgical current treatments are ineffective or minimally and uncertainly effective and can deserve further assessment by larger and methodologically more sound randomized trials.
Preoperative radiotherapy for resectable rectal cancer: A meta-analysis.
TLDR
In patients with resectable rectal cancer, preoperative radiotherapy significantly improved overall and cancer-specific survival compared with surgery alone and criteria are needed to identify patients most likely to benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy.
Prevention of first bleeding in cirrhosis. A meta-analysis of randomized trials of nonsurgical treatment.
TLDR
Beta-blockers may be recommended for prevention of first bleeding in cirrhotic patients with varices who have a high risk for bleeding and the effectiveness of sclerotherapy remains undetermined.
Survival and prognostic indicators in compensated and decompensated cirrhosis
Six-year survival of cirrhosis was assessed in a series of 1155 consecutive patients (751 men, 404 women). Among the men, 33% were alcoholics and 18% were HBsAg positive; corresponding figures for
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