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The visual word form area: spatial and temporal characterization of an initial stage of reading in normal subjects and posterior split-brain patients.
A standard model of word reading postulates that visual information is initially processed by occipitotemporal areas contralateral to the stimulated hemifield, from whence it is subsequentlyExpand
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Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: a testable taxonomy
Of the many brain events evoked by a visual stimulus, which are specifically associated with conscious perception, and which merely reflect non-conscious processing? Several recent neuroimagingExpand
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Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: basic evidence and a workspace framework
This introductory chapter attempts to clarify the philosophical, empirical, and theoretical bases on which a cognitive neuroscience approach to consciousness can be founded. We isolate three majorExpand
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Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERPs) to visualize the cerebral processing of unseen masked words. Within the areas associated with consciousExpand
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Neural signature of the conscious processing of auditory regularities
Can conscious processing be inferred from neurophysiological measurements? Some models stipulate that the active maintenance of perceptual representations across time requires consciousness.Expand
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Unconscious semantic priming extends to novel unseen stimuli
Many subliminal priming experiments are thought to demonstrate unconscious access to semantics. However, most of them can be reinterpreted in a non-semantic framework that supposes only that subjectsExpand
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Letter Binding and Invariant Recognition of Masked Words
Fluent readers recognize visual words across changes in case and retinal location, while maintaining a high sensitivity to the arrangement of letters. To evaluate the automaticity and functionalExpand
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Evidence for a hierarchy of predictions and prediction errors in human cortex
According to hierarchical predictive coding models, the cortex constantly generates predictions of incoming stimuli at multiple levels of processing. Responses to auditory mismatches and omissionsExpand
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The priming method: imaging unconscious repetition priming reveals an abstract representation of number in the parietal lobes.
Most of the current brain imaging methods are limited by the low spatial resolution of neuroimaging techniques and remain unable to measure activity at the scale of single neurons or small columns ofExpand
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Converging Intracranial Markers of Conscious Access
We compared conscious and nonconscious processing of briefly flashed words using a visual masking procedure while recording intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) in ten patients. NonconsciousExpand
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